Experiments in Fluids

, 55:1824 | Cite as

Experimental determination of three-dimensional finite-time Lyapunov exponents in multi-component flows

  • Samuel G. Raben
  • Shane D. Ross
  • Pavlos P. Vlachos


We present an experimental approach for estimating finite-time Lyapunov exponent fields (FTLEs) in three-dimensional multi-component or multi-phase flows. From time-resolved sequences of particle images, we directly compute the flow map and coherent structures, while avoiding and outperforming the computationally costly numerical integration. Performing this operation independently on each flow component enables the determination of three-dimensional Lagrangian coherent structures (LCSs) without any bias from the other components. The locations of concurrent LCSs for different flow elements (e.g., passive tracers, inertial particles, bubbles, or active particles) can provide new insight into the interpenetrating FTLE structure in complex flows.


Particle Image Velocimetry Global Attraction Inertial Particle Particle Tracking Velocimetry Lagrangian Coherent Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



SDR gratefully acknowledges partial support from NSF Grant 1150456.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel G. Raben
    • 1
  • Shane D. Ross
    • 3
  • Pavlos P. Vlachos
    • 2
  1. 1.School of PhysicsGeorgia TechAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Mechanical EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  3. 3.Biomedical Engineering and MechanicsVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA

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