Experiments in Fluids

, 54:1608 | Cite as

Instantaneous volumic concentration and velocity measurements of a jet in crossflow for the evaluation of the entrainment

  • A. BerchetEmail author
  • L. Thomas
  • P. Braud
  • L. David
Research Article


A new method employing instantaneous 3D coupled measurements of planar laser-induced fluorescence and particle Image velocimetry is developed to compute 3D fluid fluxes. The three-dimensional fields of concentration and velocity are used for identifying the vortex structures and for the evaluation of the fluxes at the interface between a jet exiting in a crossflow. This approach is helpful for the 3D estimation of the momentum and scalar transport at the turbulent/non-turbulent interface and will help understanding the mixing process.


Vortex Particle Image Velocimetry Root Mean Square Deviation Concentration Field Particle Image Velocimetry Measurement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work is funded partially by the 13th CPER and the ANR VIVE3D. Their supports are greatly acknowledged.

Supplementary material

AVI (1110 KB)


  1. Acarlar MS, Smith CR (1987) A study of hairpin vortices in a laminar boundary layer. part 2. hairpin vortices generated by fluid injection. J Fluid Mech 175:43–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Atkinson C, Coudert S, Foucaut J, Stanislas M, Soria J (2011) The accuracy of tomographic particle image velocimetry for measurements of a turbulent boundary layer. Exp Fluids 50:1031–1056CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brucker C (1995) Digital-particle-lmage-velocimetry (dpiv) in a scanning light-sheet: 3d starting flow around a short cylinder. Exp Fluids 19:255–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Calluaud D, David L (2004) Stereoscopic particle image velocimetry measurements of the flow around a surface-mounted block. Exp Fluids 36:53–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. David L, Jardin T, Braud P, Farcy A (2012) Time-resolved scanning tomography piv measurements around a flapping wing. Exp Fluids 52:857–864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fric T, Roshko A (1994) Vortical structure in the wake of a transverse jet. J Fluid Mech 279:1–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gullet B, Groff P, Stefanski L (1993) Mixing quantification by visual imaging analysis. Exp Fluids 15:443–451Google Scholar
  8. Hasselbrink E, Mungal M (2001) Transverse jets and jet flames. part 2. velocity and oh field imaging. J Fluid Mech 443:27–68Google Scholar
  9. Hori T, Sakakibara J (2004) High-speed scanning stereoscopic piv for 3d vorticity measurement in liquids. Meas Sci Technol 15:1067–1078CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Margason R (1993) Fifty years of jet in crossflow research. In: Proceedings of the AGARD symposium on computational and experimental assessment of jets in crossflow. AGARD-CP-534Google Scholar
  11. Martin J, Garcia M (2008) Combined piv/plif measurements of a steady density current front. Exp Fluids 46:265–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Muppidi S, Mahesh K (2008) Direct numerical simulation of passive scalar transport in transverse jets. J Fluid Mech 598:335–360MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  13. Salewski M, Stankovic D, Fuchs L (2008) Mixing in circular and non-circular jets in crossflow. Flow Turbulence Combust 80:255–283CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. Sarathi P, Gurka R, Kopp G, Sullivan P (2012) A calibration scheme for quantitative concentration measurements using simultaneous piv and plif. Exp Fluids 52(1):247–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sau R, Mahesh K (2008) Dynamics and mixing of vortex rings in crossflow. J Fluid Mech 604:389–409MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  16. Su L, Mungal M (1999) Simultaneous measurements of velocity and scalar fields: application in crossflowing jets and lifted jet diffusion flames. Ann Res Briefs pp 19–36Google Scholar
  17. Tian X, Roberts PJW (2003) A 3d lif system for turbulent buoyant jet flows. Exp Fluids 35:636–647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Tremblais B, David L, Arrivault D, Dombre J, Chatellier L, Thomas L (2010) Slip : Simple library for image processing (version 1.0).
  19. Vernet R, Thomas L, David L (2009) Analysis and reconstruction of a pulsed jet in crossflow by multi-plane snapshot pod. Exp Fluids 47(4–5):707–720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Westerweel J, Fukushima C, Pedersen J, Hunt J (2009) Momentum and scalar transport at the turbulent/non-turbulent interface of a jet. J Fluid Mech 631:199–230CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut P’CNRS, Université Poitiers, ENSMA, UPR 3346Futuroscope Chasseneuil CédexFrance

Personalised recommendations