Experiments in Fluids

, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 285–296 | Cite as

Three-dimensional magnetic resonance velocimetry measurements of turbulence quantities in complex flow

  • Christopher J. ElkinsEmail author
  • Marcus T. Alley
  • Lars Saetran
  • John K. Eaton
Research Article


A magnetic resonance velocimetry (MRV) experimental technique based on magnetic resonance imaging and capable of measuring the turbulent Reynolds stresses in a 3D flow domain is described. Results are presented in backward facing step flow in a square channel with a Reynolds number of 48,000 based on step height and freestream velocity at the step. MRV results are compared to particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements in the centerplane containing the streamwise and cross-stream axes. MRV and PIV mean velocity measurements show excellent agreement. MRV measurements for Reynolds normal stresses compare to within ±20% of the PIV results while results for the turbulent shear are less accurate.


Particle Image Velocimetry Shear Layer Particle Image Velocimetry Measurement Step Height Separate Shear Layer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Christopher J. Elkins and John Eaton were supported by a grant from General Electric Aircraft Engines as part of the GE-University Strategic Alliance and a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF CTS-0432478). Marcus Alley was supported by the same NSF grant and a grant from the National Institutes of Health (P41 RR09784).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher J. Elkins
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marcus T. Alley
    • 2
  • Lars Saetran
    • 3
  • John K. Eaton
    • 1
  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering DepartmentStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Lucas MRI/S Center Stanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Department of Energy and Process EngineeringNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

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