Experiments in Fluids

, 41:543 | Cite as

Structure of the jet from a generic catheter tip

  • J. Foust
  • D. Rockwell
Research Article


A generic feature of a wide variety of central venous catheters, which are typically located within the superior vena cava (SVC), is a jet from a side hole of the catheter tip. Particle image velocimetry is employed in conjunction with a scaled-up water facility, in order to characterize the structure of the jet as a function of dimensionless hole diameter and jet velocity ratio. Quantitative patterns in the radial and crossflow planes of the catheter-SVC system define the jet evolution. It has distinctive features, relative to the classical jet in a crossflow, which issues from a small opening in a planar surface into a region of large extent.


Vorticity Particle Image Velocimetry Superior Vena Cava Side Hole Entrain Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics, 356 Packard LaboratoryLehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA

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