Experiments in Fluids

, 41:227 | Cite as

Instantaneous pressure and material acceleration measurements using a four-exposure PIV system

  • Xiaofeng Liu
  • Joseph KatzEmail author
Research Article


This paper describes a non-intrusive technique for measuring the instantaneous spatial pressure distribution over a sample area in a flow field. A four-exposure PIV system is used for measuring the distribution of material acceleration by comparing the velocity of the same group of particles at different times and then integrating it to obtain the pressure distribution. Exposing both cameras to the same particle field at the same time and cross-correlating the images enables precision matching of the two fields of view. Application of local image deformation correction to velocity vectors measured by the two cameras reduces the error due to relative misalignment and image distortion to about 0.01 pixels in synthetic images. An omni-directional virtual boundary integration scheme is introduced to integrate the acceleration while minimizing the effect of the local random errors in acceleration. Further improvements are achieved by iterations to correct the pressure along the boundary. Typically 3–5 iterations are sufficient for reducing the incremental mean pressure change in each iteration to less than 0.1% of the dynamic pressure. Validation tests of the principles of the technique using synthetic images of rotating and stagnation point flows show that the standard deviation of the measured pressure from the exact value is about 1.0%. This system is used to measure the instantaneous pressure and acceleration distributions of a 2D cavity turbulent flow field and sample results are presented.


Particle Image Velocimetry Pressure Distribution Shear Layer Interrogation Window Synthetic Image 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work is sponsored by the Office of Naval Research of the United States (Program Officer Dr. Ki-Han Kim). The authors would like to thank Yury Ronzhes for the mechanical design of the testing body and Stephen King for building the timing control device. Bo Tao’s participation at the initial stage of this project and Shridhar Gopalan and Jun Chen’s valuable assistance are also gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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