Experiments in Fluids

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 375–381 | Cite as

Matching index of refraction using a diethyl phthalate/ethanol solution for in vitro cardiovascular models

  • P. Miller
  • K. Danielson
  • G. Moody
  • A. Slifka
  • E. Drexler
  • J. HertzbergEmail author
Research Article


Experiments studying cardiovascular geometries require a working fluid that matches the high index of refraction of glass and silicone, has a low viscosity, and is safe and inexpensive. A good candidate working fluid is diethyl phthalate (DEP), diluted with ethanol. Measurements were made of index of refraction and viscosity of varied dilutions at a range of temperatures, and empirical models are proposed. Material compatibility tests showed that only specific formulations of ABS, acrylic, vinyl and PVC are compatible. A silicone elastomer additionally tested negative for change in compliance with DEP exposure.


Particle Image Velocimetry Silicone Elastomer Diethyl Phthalate National Fire Protection Association Material Safety Data Sheet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work is supported by NIH Grant GM066728-01. The authors would like to thank Craig Lanning for his help.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Miller
    • 1
  • K. Danielson
    • 1
  • G. Moody
    • 1
  • A. Slifka
    • 2
  • E. Drexler
    • 2
  • J. Hertzberg
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  2. 2.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyBoulderUSA

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