Experiments in Fluids

, Volume 38, Issue 5, pp 549–562 | Cite as

The generation and quantitative visualization of breaking internal waves

  • C. D. Troy
  • J. R. Koseff


New techniques for the generation and quantitative visualization of breaking progressive internal waves are presented. Laboratory techniques applicable to general stratified flow experiments are also demonstrated. The planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) technique is used to produce calibrated images of the wave breaking process, and the details of the PLIF measurements are described in terms of the necessary corrections and considerations for the application of PLIF to stratified flows. Results of the flow visualization and wave generation techniques are presented, which show that the nature of internal wave breaking is strongly dependent on the type of breaking internal wave considered.


Internal Wave Wave Train Wave Breaking Density Interface Laser Light Sheet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are grateful to Robert Brown, Emily Pidgeon, and John Crimaldi for help with the experimental facility and measurement techniques, and to David Hill for alerting us to the idea of the laterally contracting channel. We also acknowledge the help of three anonymous reviewers, whose comments greatly improved this paper. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation, Physical Oceanography Division grant NSF OCE-9624081.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Environmental Fluid Mechanics LaboratoryStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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