Experiments in Fluids

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 355–362 | Cite as

XPIV–Multi-plane stereoscopic particle image velocimetry



We introduce the three-dimensional measurement technique (XPIV) based on a Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) system. The technique provides three-dimensional and statistically significant velocity data. The main principle of the technique lies in the combination of defocus, stereoscopic and multi-plane illumination concepts. Preliminary results of the turbulent boundary layer in a flume are presented. The quality of the velocity data is evaluated by using the velocity profiles and relative turbulent intensity of the boundary layer. The analysis indicates that the XPIV is a reliable experimental tool for three-dimensional fluid velocity measurements.



The authors wish to thanks Dr. Miriam Zacksenhouse for her helpful review and comments on an earlier draft.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Multiphase Flow LaboratoryFaculty of Mechanical EngineeringHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Institute of Hydromechanics and Water Resources ManagementETHZurichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringThe Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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