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Der Ophthalmologe

, Volume 107, Issue 6, pp 511–516 | Cite as

Epidemiologie des Pterygiums

Eine Übersicht
  • K. DroutsasEmail author
  • W. Sekundo
Leitthema

Zusammenfassung

Das traditionelle Konzept einer zentralen Rolle der chronischen UV-Belastung in der Pathogenese des Pterygiums wird durch große epidemiologische Studien der letzten Jahre immer wieder bestätigt. Trotz einer hohen Prävalenz in manchen Populationen bzw. Regionen führt das Pterygium in extrem seltenen Fällen zu einer Erblindung. Neben einem äquatornahen geographischen Lebensort stellen langjährige Tätigkeit im Freien, steigendes Lebensalter und männliches Geschlecht die wichtigsten Risikofaktoren dar. Das regelmäßige Tragen von adäquatem Sonnenschutz hat eine nachgewiesene protektive Wirkung und wird als günstige und unkomplizierte Prophylaxe empfohlen.

Schlüsselwörter

Pterygium Prävalenz Ultraviolettes Licht 

Epidemiology of pterygium

A review

Abstract

The traditional concept of chronic UV exposure as a central factor in the pathogenesis of pterygium has been repeatedly confirmed by large epidemiological studies in recent years. Despite its high prevalence in some regions and populations, pterygium is only rarely a cause of blindness. In addition to the latitude of residence, risk factors include years of working outdoors, increasing age and male gender. Regular wearing of adequate sun protection is an economical and simple prophylaxis with proven effect and is recommended, as well as public education, in particular to groups of people who exercise their profession outdoors.

Keywords

Pterygium Prevalence Ultraviolet light 

Notes

Interessenkonflikt

Der korrespondierende Autor gibt an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Augenklinik der Universität Gießen und Marburg GmbHStandort MarburgMarburgDeutschland
  2. 2.Netherlands Institute for Innovative Ocular SurgeryRotterdamNiederlande

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