Advertisement

World Journal of Urology

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 137–143 | Cite as

Urodynamics in the anatomical work of Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519)

  • Dirk Schultheiss
  • Volker Grünewald
  • Udo Jonas
Article

Abstract

Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) incorporates the symbiosis of art and medicine and can be adressed as the founder of medical illustration in the time of the Renaissance. His anatomy studies were not published in his time, which explains why Leonardo's outstanding knowledge of anatomy, physiology, and medicine had no impact on his scientific contemporaries and is therefore primarily of retrospective importance in the history of medicine. The collection of anatomical illustrations remained unknown until their rediscovery in the eighteenth century and their wide publication at the beginning of our century. This article systematically reviews Leonardo's genitourinary drawings with regard to urodynamic aspects of the upper and lower urinary tract, highlighting topics such as vesicoureteral reflux and urinary sphincter mechanisms.

Keywords

Urinary Tract Eighteenth Century Lower Urinary Tract Anatomy Study Vesicoureteral Reflux 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Schultheiss
    • 1
  • Volker Grünewald
    • 1
  • Udo Jonas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Urology, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Strasse 1, D-30625 Hannover, Germany Tel.: +49-511-532 6673, Fax: +49-511-532 3481 E-mail: Schultheiss.dirk@mh-hannover.deDE

Personalised recommendations