World Journal of Urology

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 212–218 | Cite as

Feminizing genitoplasty: state of the art

  • Richard C. Rink
  • Mark C. Adams


Surgical management of intersex states continues to evolve such that today's efforts achieve near normal cosmetic and functional results. In this article we discuss the reconstruction of the female genitalia in those that have had significant androgen stimulation as well as those with near normal external genitalia but significant urogenital sinus anomalies. The initial evaluation as well as postoperative follow-up management is addressed.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard C. Rink
    • 1
  • Mark C. Adams
    • 2
  1. 1.Pediatric Urology, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University School of Medicine, 702 Barnhill Drive, Room 1739, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA Tel.: +1-317-274-7472; Fax: +1-317-274-7487 e-mail: rrink@iucc.iupui.eduIN
  2. 2.Pediatric Urology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 435 Medical Arts Building, Nashville, TN 37212-8591, USAUS

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