Health-related quality of life after radical cystectomy and ileal orthotopic neobladder: effect of detailed continence outcomes

  • Tobias GrimmEmail author
  • Julia Grimm
  • Alexander Buchner
  • Gerald Schulz
  • Friedrich Jokisch
  • Christian G. Stief
  • Alexander Karl
  • Alexander Kretschmer
Original Article



To objectively quantify continence rates and to correlate continence outcomes with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after radical cystectomy and orthotopic ileal neobladder (ONB).


Questionnaires were sent to 244 patients who underwent radical cystectomy with ONB between 2004 and 2015, and information about the current continence status was retrieved. To objectify postoperative urine loss, daytime and nocturnal pad tests were performed. Continence was defined as need of up to one safety pad. HRQOL was assessed using EORTC QLQ-C30 scoring with global health status being the primary endpoint. Statistical analysis included Fisher’s test, Mann–Whitney U test, Pearson’s rank correlation, and binary regression models (p < 0.05).


178 patients (73.0%) answered the QLQ-C30 questionnaires and were included in the study. Median follow-up was 61 months. Median daytime pad use was 1 and median daily urine loss based on pad testing was 4.0 g, leading to a daytime continence rate of 48.5%. Continence had a significant impact on postoperative HRQOL (p = 0.017). ICIQ-SF score (p = 0.001, OR = 0.805) and need for condom catheter during nighttime (p = 0.015, OR = 0.123) were independent predictors for worse HRQOL outcomes based on global health status. A history of pelvic floor muscle training was an independent predictor of increased HRQOL (p = 0.009, OR = 10.459).


Need of condom urinals and higher ICIQ-SF scores are independent predictors for worse HRQOL outcomes. We show significant beneficial effects of pelvic floor muscle training on patients' HRQOL.


Cystectomy Urinary incontinence Ileal neobladder Bladder cancer Quality of life 



Body mass index


Confidence interval


Clean intermittent self-catheterization


Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group


European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer


Health-related quality of life


International consultation on incontinence questionnaire short form


Odds ratio


Orthotopic ileal neobladder


Pelvic floor muscle training


Author contributions

TG Project development, Data Collection, Manuscript writing. JG Project development, Data Collection. AB Project development, Data Collection. GS Project development, Data Collection. FJ Data Collection, Manuscript writing. CGS Project development. AK Project development. AK Project development, Statistical analysis, Manuscript writing.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Supplementary material

345_2019_2643_MOESM1_ESM.docx (77 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 76 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyLudwig-Maximilians-UniversityMunichGermany

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