Towards the future of upper tract urothelial carcinoma surveillance: lessons learnt from bladder cancer urinary biomarkers

  • Andrea GallioliEmail author
  • Romain Boissier
  • Angelo Territo
  • Alberto Breda
Letter to Editor


Author contributions

Gallioli: project development, data collection, and manuscript writing/editing. Boissier: data analysis and manuscript editing. Territo: data collection and management. Breda: project development and manuscript editing.



Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

After ethical committee approval, all patients enrolled in our study signed an informed consent.

Conflict of interest

All the authors declare that they have no potential conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fundació Puigvert, Department of UrologyAutonomous University of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community HealthUniversity of MilanMilanItaly
  3. 3.Department of UrologyAix-Marseille University, APHM, La Conception Academic HospitalMarseilleFrance

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