World Journal of Urology

, Volume 37, Issue 5, pp 951–956 | Cite as

Long-term outcomes of ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy in patients with solitary kidneys: a single-center experience

  • Boxing Su
  • Wenyi Liang
  • Weiguo Hu
  • Bo Xiao
  • Xin Zhang
  • Song Chen
  • Yuzhe Tang
  • Yubao Liu
  • Meng Fu
  • Wenjie Bai
  • Jianxing LiEmail author
Original Article



To report our experience with total ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the management of patients with solitary kidney, and evaluate the safety and feasibility of this technique.

Materials and methods

Between October 2014 and December 2016, 48 patients with solitary kidneys underwent total ultrasound-guided PCNL at our institution. Stone-free rate (SFR), auxiliary procedures, and complications were recorded. Changes in renal function were evaluated by comparing preoperative and postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs). Perioperative factors that may affect renal function were analyzed to define factors predicting renal function improvement on long-term follow-up. Of 48 patients, 44 were followed at least 6 months, whereas four patients were lost to follow-up.


Among all patients, staghorn calculi were found in 18 (37.5%) patients. 14 (29.2%) patients required a two-stage PCNL. Struvite was found in six (12.5%) patients. Complications were reported in eight (16.7%) patients. Severe bleeding was noticed in three patients; no angioembolization was required. After a median follow-up of 12 (6–26) months, the final SFR was 81.8% after auxiliary treatments. There was a significant improvement of eGFR from 53.9 ± 24.0 to 61.3 ± 25.4 mL/min/1.73 m2 (P < 0.01). Renal function was stable, improved and worse in 65.9% (n = 29), 27.3% (n = 12), and 6.8% (n = 3) of patients, respectively, compared with preoperative levels.


Ultrasound-guided PCNL is a safe and feasible procedure with an acceptably low complication rate in patients with solitary kidneys. At long-term follow-up, the renal function in more than 90% of the patients with solitary kidneys can be improved or stabilized after ultrasound-guided PCNL.


Ultrasound guidance PCNL Solitary kidney 



Percutaneous nephrolithotomy


Stone-free rate


Estimated glomerular filtration rate


Chronic kidney disease


Metabolic syndrome


Clinically insignificant residual fragments


Retrograde intrarenal surgery


Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Supplementary material

345_2018_2458_MOESM1_ESM.avi (4.4 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (AVI 4480 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boxing Su
    • 1
  • Wenyi Liang
    • 2
  • Weiguo Hu
    • 1
  • Bo Xiao
    • 1
  • Xin Zhang
    • 1
  • Song Chen
    • 1
  • Yuzhe Tang
    • 1
  • Yubao Liu
    • 1
  • Meng Fu
    • 1
  • Wenjie Bai
    • 1
  • Jianxing Li
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Urology, School of Clinical Medicine, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung HospitalTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Geriatric MedicinePeking University First HospitalBeijingChina

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