Pubic symphysitis after transurethral resection of the prostate
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Pubic symphysitis (PS) after urological operations is uncommon. This is a systematic single-institution review of patients with transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P) with the aim to determine the incidence of PS after TUR-P and to identify a risk profile.
Materials and methods
In the past 15 years, 12,118 transurethral operations were performed in our department, 33.4 % (n = 4045) were TUR-P, and 84.6 % (n = 3421) had routine suprapubic trocar placement. A systematic retrospective analysis identified 12 patients, who developed PS (0.297 %).
Median age was 69.5 years (64–83). All patients had voiding difficulties. Urine culture had been positive in three cases. All 12 TUR-Ps were monopolar resections, and n = 11 patients had a suprapubic trocar. Median resection weight was 47.5 g (10–100). Two patients had a perforation of the capsule. Histopathological examination revealed chronic prostatitis in nine cases. After 1.0 ± 1.2 months, all patients developed pain in the pubic region. All patients underwent MRI, which suggested PS. Symptomatic and antibiotic medications were administered. Final outcome was resolution of symptoms in all patients after 3.8 ± 5.6 months. No patient retained voiding difficulties.
PS remains a rare complication after TUR-P. We could not identify a single cause for developing PS. In our study, suprapubic trocar placement (11/12), chronic prostatic inflammation (9/12), previous UTI (3/12) and extended resection (2/12) were overrepresented. Inflammatory, thermic and/or surgical damage of the capsule may be causative. Patients require antibiotic and symptomatic medication. However, prognosis for remission is excellent.
KeywordsTUR-P Pubic symphysitis Inflammation Complication
Bis in die/twice daily
Colony forming units
- E. coli
Extended spectrum beta-lactamase
Magnetic resonance imaging
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Transurethral resection of the prostate
Urinary tract infection
White blood count
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This retrospective study has been performed in accordance with the ethical standards of the Declaration of Helsinki. The manuscript does not contain prospective clinical studies.
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