World Journal of Urology

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 1021–1025 | Cite as

Overactive bladder in diabetes mellitus patients: a questionnaire-based observational investigation

  • Giovanni Palleschi
  • Antonio Luigi Pastore
  • Cristina Maggioni
  • Andrea Fuschi
  • Luca Pacini
  • Vincenzo Petrozza
  • Antonio Carbone
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Bladder dysfunction, secondary to diabetes, is mainly characterized by poor bladder emptying and overflow incontinence. However, there is evidence in literature that storage symptoms, as those suggestive for overactive bladder (OAB), may also affect people with diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of overactive bladder, the complaint of urinary urgency with/without urge incontinence, usually with frequency and nocturia, in people with diabetes compared to healthy subjects (control group).

Methods

Symptoms were assessed through the overactive bladder questionnaire (OAB-q), an investigative tool, specifically developed for OAB diagnosis.

Results

OAB-q scores resulted higher in diabetic people than those of the control group. Age and disease duration resulted in measurements that showed a statistical correlation with the OAB-q scores.

Conclusions

OAB symptoms are more prevalent in diabetic people than in non-diabetic people. This prompts further research to determine whether the onset of OAB symptoms can be considered as an indicator of diabetic neuropathy.

Keywords

Overactive bladder Diabetes mellitus Lower urinary tract symptoms Overactive bladder questionnaire 

Abbreviations

BOO

Bladder outlet obstruction

DM

Diabetes mellitus

DO

Detrusor overactivity

LUTS

Lower urinary tract symptoms

MMSE

Mini-mental state examination

OAB

Overactive bladder

OAB-q

Overactive bladder questionnaire

UTI

Urinary tract infection

Notes

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni Palleschi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Antonio Luigi Pastore
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cristina Maggioni
    • 1
  • Andrea Fuschi
    • 1
  • Luca Pacini
    • 3
  • Vincenzo Petrozza
    • 3
  • Antonio Carbone
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Unit of Urology ICOT, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Faculty of Pharmacy and MedicineSapienza University of RomeLatinaItaly
  2. 2.Uroresearch® AssociationLatinaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Biotechnologies and Medico-Surgical SciencesSapienza University of RomeLatinaItaly

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