World Journal of Urology

, Volume 31, Issue 5, pp 1231–1238 | Cite as

Evaluation of the learning curve for Thulium VapoEnucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP) using a mentor-based approach

  • C. NetschEmail author
  • T. Bach
  • T. R. W. Herrmann
  • O. Neubauer
  • A. J. Gross
Original Article



To evaluate the learning curve of Thulium:YAG VapoEnucleation of the prostate (ThuVEP) for patients with symptomatic benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) prospectively.


ThuVEP was performed using the 120 Watt 2 μm continuous wave Thulium:YAG laser. ThuVEP was done by a resident without experience in transurethral prostate surgery (A, n = 32), an experienced endourologist (B, n = 32), and an experienced surgeon in ThuVEP (C, n = 32), who served as the mentor for A/B. Patients were divided into consecutive subgroups of 8 patients to assess the impact of the learning curve on procedure outcome. Patient demographic, perioperative, and 12-month follow-up data were analysed.


ThuVEP was successfully completed in all patients. Enucleation efficiency (g/min) differed significantly between surgeon A (0.48 ± 0.3), B (0.7 ± 0.36), and C (1.4 ± 0.67) (p ≤ 0.001). Enucleation efficiency correlated significantly with the weight of resected tissue in surgeon A (r = 0.88), B (r = 0.73), and C (r = 0.79) (p < 0.001). ThuVEP was performed by surgeon A and B with reasonable enucleation, morcellation, and overall operation efficiency after 8–16 procedures. At 12-month follow-up, 68 (71 %) patients were available for review. IPSS, QoL, Qmax, PVR, PSA, and prostate volume improved significantly at follow-up (p ≤ 0.023). Mean PSA/prostate volume reduction was 81.95/74.5, 80.7/79.4, and 87.6/75.9 % in surgeon A, B, and C, respectively. Urethral stricture and bladder neck contracture developed 2 (A = 1, B = 1; 2.1 %) patients and 1 (C, 1 %) patient each, respectively.


ThuVEP can be performed with reasonable efficiency even during the initial learning course of the surgeon when closely mentored. Previous experience in the field of endourology is beneficial.


Benign prostatic obstruction VapoEnucleation Learning curve Tm:YAG Revolix ThuVEP 


Conflict of interest

The authors have nothing to disclose.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Netsch
    • 1
    Email author
  • T. Bach
    • 1
  • T. R. W. Herrmann
    • 2
  • O. Neubauer
    • 1
  • A. J. Gross
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyAsklepios Hospital BarmbekHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of UrologyMHH Medical School of HannoverHannoverGermany

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