World Journal of Urology

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 429–435 | Cite as

Accuracy of concepts in female pelvic floor anatomy: facts and myths!

  • H. FritschEmail author
  • M. Zwierzina
  • P. Riss
Topic paper


The pelvic floor is characterized by a complex morphology because different functional systems join here. Since a clear understanding of the pelvic floor region is crucial for female pelvic surgery and fundamental mechanisms of urogenital dysfunction and treatment, we here describe the accurate and functional anatomy of important pelvic structures and landmarks, clarify their terminology and point out possible errors or misunderstandings as to their existence.


Female pelvic floor Subperitoneal connective tissue Fascia, septum and ligament Nerve vessel guiding plates 



We thank Romed Hoermann for his helpful suggestions and support with the figures and tables and Claudia Siemon for carefully reading and correcting the manuscript.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Section of Clinical and Functional Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Histology and EmbryologyMedical University of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  2. 2.Obstetrics and Gynecology, Landesklinikum Thermenregion MödlingMödlingAustria

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