Treatment of moderate to severe female stress urinary incontinence with the adjustable continence therapy (ACT) device after failed surgical repair
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Treatment of recurrent stress incontinence after a failed surgical procedure is more complicated, and repeat surgeries have higher rates of complications and limited efficacy. We determined the technical feasibility, efficacy, adjustability, and safety of adjustable continence therapy device for treatment of moderate to severe recurrent urinary incontinence after failed surgical procedure.
Materials and methods
Female patients with moderate to severe recurrent stress urinary incontinence who had at least one prior surgical procedure for incontinence were enrolled. All patients underwent percutaneous placement of adjustable continence therapy (ACT) device (Uromedica, Plymouth, Minnesota). Baseline and regular follow-up tests to determine subjective and objective improvement were performed.
A total of 89 patients have undergone implantation with 1–3 years of follow-up. Data are available on 77 patients at 1 year. Of the patients, 47% were dry at 1 year and 92% improved after 1-year follow-up. Stamey score improved from 2.25 to 0.94 at 1 year (P < 0.001). IQOL questionnaire scores improved from 33.9 to 71.6 at 1 year (P < 0.001). UDI scores reduced from 60.7 to 33.3 (P < 0.001) at 1 year. IIQ scores reduced from 57.0 to 21.6 (P < 0.001) at 1 year. Diary incontinence episodes per day improved from 8.1 to 3.9 (P < 0.001) at 1 year. Diary pads used per day improved from 4.3 to 1.9 (P < 0.001). Explantation was required in 21.7% of patients.
The ACT device is an effective, simple, safe, and minimally invasive treatment for moderate to severe recurrent female stress urinary incontinence after failed surgical treatment.
KeywordsUrinary incontinence Adjustable continence device ACT Recurrent incontinence Female stress incontinence
John F Bressette, Lahey Clinics.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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