A rat model of intravesical delivery of small interfering RNA for studying urinary carcinoma
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siRNA has been used successfully in loss-of-function studies in vitro, but neither in vivo nor in clinical applications. The aims of the present study were (1) to establish rat models for in vivo delivery of siRNA to bladder cancer, and (2) to identify potential targets for siRNA.
The rat models of human urinary carcinoma and rat urinary carcinoma cell line (AY-27) were induced by tobacco-related chemical carcinogens, either N-[4-(5-nitro-2-furyl)-2-thiazolyl]formamide (FANFT) or N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine (BBN). A syngeneic orthotopic bladder cancer model was established by inoculation of AY-27 cells. A fluorescence-labelled negative control siRNA with cationic and neutral liposomes was tested both in vitro (AY-27 cells) and in vivo.
siRNA was highly accumulated in the cancer cells as early as 12 h and remained at least for 24 h after a single dose in vivo. Numerous CD3+ T cells appeared mainly in the periphery area of the tumour. Bioinformatics analysis revealed a list of concordantly highly expressed genes, possible siRNA targets, in the animal models as well as human urinary carcinoma. Literature search on siRNA and bladder cancer provided a list of genes used as siRNA targets.
The methodology and data presented in the present study provide a number of opportunities for basic research on urinary carcinogenesis and for translational research on evaluation of siRNA therapeutic strategies for urinary carcinoma in the native organ, where hormonal, neural and immunological processes more closely resemble the clinical situation.
KeywordsBladder cancer Rat models siRNA delivery siRNA targets
This study was supported by grants from the Joint Programme of Medical Faculty of NTNU and St. Olavs’ Hospital, St. Olavs’ Hospital Foundation for Cancer Research, Norwegian Functional Genomics (Midt-Norge) and Merck Sharp and Dohme Norge AS. The authors thank Dr. Pål Sætrom at the Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine of NTNU for the valuable discussion.
Conflict of interest statement
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