Journal of Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 1412–1427 | Cite as

RNA-Seq Analysis Reveals Differential Responses of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Plantlets Cultured in vitro to Red, Blue, Green, and White Light-emitting Diodes (LEDs)

  • Lili Chen
  • Yadong Yang
  • Ying Jiang
  • Jie Zhao
  • Huadong Zang
  • Xiaofen Wang
  • Yuegao Hu
  • Xuzhang XueEmail author


Differentially expressed genes (DEGs), morphological changes, and leaf ultrastructure alterations of “Zhong Shu 3” potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plantlets in vitro cultured under red (R), blue (B), green (G), or white (W) LEDs were analyzed using RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) method. In total, 2160, 774, and 1335 DEGs were identified in plantlets that received R, B, and G LEDs, respectively, compared to W LEDs (the control). Higher expression of expasin, xyloglucan glycosyltransferase, actin, and tubulin genes were associated with the largest leaf area under B and W LEDs. Neatly arranged spongy and palisade cells were observed in plantlets exposed to R LEDs, accompanied by upregulated expression of all the DEGs enriched for “anatomical structure development” and “anatomical structure arrangement” biological processes. Well-developed chloroplasts with developed inner membranes in plantlets under B LEDs were associated with the upregulation of most DEGs enriched for gene ontology (GO) terms of the chloroplast and chloroplast membrane systems. In addition, different light qualities induced different gene expression patterns, many of which were involved in metabolic pathways, such as the “porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism pathway Ko00860.” Regulation of these genes might explain the higher or lower contents of photosynthetic pigments. Although R and G LEDs triggered shade stress in potato plantlets in vitro, the health index of plantlets grown under B LEDs was higher than that grown under W LEDs. Our results provide insights into the responses of potato plantlets to different light qualities at the transcriptomic level and may contribute to the improvement of potato plantlet in vitro propagation from light spectrum aspects.


RNA-seq Light quality Leaf anatomical structure Chloroplast ultrastructure Potato plantlet in vitro 



This work was supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China (2013 AA 103005). The authors thank researcher Liping Jin for her providing plant materials.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

344_2019_9944_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (619 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 619 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lili Chen
    • 1
  • Yadong Yang
    • 1
  • Ying Jiang
    • 1
  • Jie Zhao
    • 1
  • Huadong Zang
    • 1
  • Xiaofen Wang
    • 1
  • Yuegao Hu
    • 1
  • Xuzhang Xue
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Agronomy and BiotechnologyChina Agricultural UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Beijing Research Center for Intelligent Equipment in AgricultureBeijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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