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Influence of Tomato Plant Mycorrhization on Nitrogen Metabolism, Growth and Fructification on P-Limited Soil

  • Catello Di MartinoEmail author
  • Antonietta Fioretto
  • Davide Palmieri
  • Valentina Torino
  • Giuseppe Palumbo
Article
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Abstract

The application of mycorrhizal fungi in agricultural soils as bio-fertilizers is going to be established as an agronomic practice for enhancing crop nutrients acquisition and production. In this work, the effects of tomato root colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae, on nitrogen metabolism, fructification and environmental sustainability without P soil fertilization have been studied. At the harvesting fruit stage, the mycorrhizal (M) plants present a significantly higher concentration of mineral nutrients and organic nitrogen compounds. In particular, GLU, GLN, ASP and ASN have risen about 35% more than non-mycorrhizal (NM) plants. Tomato root mycorrhization improved nitrogen metabolism in plants, too by increasing the nitrate reductase and the glutamine synthetase enzymatic activity. Moreover, mycorrhization affects many aspects of vegetative and reproductive growth. In particular, the fruit production turns from inoculated (M) plants into non-inoculated (NM) plants, rising up to 50%.

Keywords

Nitrogen-metabolism Mycorrhizal plant Tomato P-limited soil 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest and there has been no significant financial support for this work that could have influenced its outcome.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Catello Di Martino
    • 1
    Email author
  • Antonietta Fioretto
    • 2
  • Davide Palmieri
    • 1
  • Valentina Torino
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Palumbo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agriculture, Environmental and FoodUniversity of MoliseCampobassoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Environmental, Biological and Pharmaceutical Science and TechnologiesUniversity of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”CasertaItaly

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