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Journal of Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 958–970 | Cite as

Membrane Lipid Composition upon Normal and Patterned Wood Formation in Betula Pendula Roth

  • Ludmila L. Novitskaya
  • Tamara A. Shulyakovskaya
  • Natalia A. Galibina
  • Maria K. Ilyinova
Article
  • 102 Downloads

Abstract

A comparative study of two forms of Betula pendula Roth differing in wood structure (B. pendula var. pendula with common straight-grained wood and B. pendula var. carelica with abnormal patterned wood) has demonstrated that the level of phospholipids reflects the content of parenchyma cells in the wood and can be regarded as an indicator of the abnormality degree in the tissue structure. The content of glycolipids testifies to the dynamics of the plastid apparatus condition and correlates with the activity of the storage function in the wood parenchyma cells. It is shown that two directions in the differentiation of cambial derivatives, namely by the pathway of cell death (vessels and fibrous elements) and the preservation of a live protoplast (parenchyma cells), correlate with different fatty acid compositions of membrane lipids. In the first case, the share of saturated fatty acids in the composition of phospholipids and glycolipids increases, indicating a deterioration of the functional characteristics of cell membranes. In the latter case, the share of unsaturated, mainly dienoic fatty acids, increases, which reflects a rise in the activity of cell membranes. During periods with the highest rate of metabolism, the content of polyunsaturated, mainly trienoic fatty acids increase in membrane lipids.

Keywords

Wood growth Cell differentiation Membrane lipid fractions Saturated and unsaturated fatty acids Functional activity of cell membranes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was carried out within the framework of the state-ordered assignment for the Forest Research Institute of KarRC RAS (AAAA-A17-117011210090-1) and the grant of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (N 16-04-01191_a) (fatty acid composition of membrane lipids). We are grateful to L.I. Semenova for skillful technical assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ludmila L. Novitskaya
    • 1
  • Tamara A. Shulyakovskaya
    • 1
  • Natalia A. Galibina
    • 1
  • Maria K. Ilyinova
    • 1
  1. 1.Forest Research InstituteKarelian Research Center of the Russian Academy of SciencesPetrozavodskRussia

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