Differential Expression of Methyl Jasmonate-Responsive Genes Correlates with Laticifer Vessel Proliferation in Phloem Tissue of Rubber Tree (Hevea brasiliensis)
Rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) is a pivotal source for natural rubber production. Polyisoprene is synthesized in laticifer vessels, which are developed from vascular cambium in the phloem area of the inner bark tissue. The transcription factors and phytohormones were reported to be involved in network regulation of plant vascular tissue differentiation. Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) was reported to act as a stimulator for laticifer vessel formation in rubber tree, but the regulatory mechanism remains largely unknown. In this study, the correlation of laticifer vessel proliferation in phloem tissue upon MeJA treatment and the MeJA-responsive gene expression was investigated. Histochemical study of the laticifer revealed the circle and diffused structure around the secondary phloem of the stem. The number of laticifer vessels was increased from the top shoot to the lower stem part. The higher average number of laticifer vessels in stems of high latex-producing clones than in low latex/high wood yield clones suggested the correlation of laticifer vessel number and latex yield potential. This study demonstrated the temporal differential expression of MeJA-responsive genes upon MeJA treatment and adjusted back to a normal level after 3 months in two high latex-producing clones. The increasing number of laticifer vessels in MeJA-treated plants confirmed the consequent effect of MeJA treatment, and the possible roles of these genes in relation with laticifer vessel proliferation are discussed. A better understanding of gene function in laticifer development would be beneficial in rubber tree improvement and exploitation.
KeywordsLaticifer vessel Methyl jasmonate Rubber tree Vascular tissue differentiation
- Baima S, Possenti M, Matteucci A, Wisman E, Altamura MM, Ruberti I et al (2001) The arabidopsis ATHB-8 HD-zip protein acts as a differentiation-promoting transcription factor of the vascular meristems. Plant Physiol 126(3):64443–64455Google Scholar
- Carlsbecker A, Helariutta Y (2005) Phloem and xylem specification: pieces of the puzzle emerge. Plant Biol 8:512–517Google Scholar
- de Fäy E, Jacob JL (1989) Anatomical organization of the laticiferous system in Hevea bark. In: d’Auzac J, Jacob JL, Chrestin H (eds) Physiology of the rubber tree latex. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 3–15Google Scholar
- Katsir L, Chung HS, Abraham JKK, Gregg AH (2008a) Jasmonate signaling: a conserved mechanism of hormone sensing. Plant Biol 11:428–435Google Scholar
- Lehesranta SJ, Lichtenberger R, Helariutta Y (2010) Cell-to-cell communication in vascular morphogenesis. Plant Biol 13:59–65Google Scholar