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Journal of Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 242–254 | Cite as

The Hormonal Regulation of Flower Development

  • J. W. Chandler
Article

Abstract

Homeotic genes comprising the ABCE classes partly detail the genetic networks that control aspects of floral organ initiation, development, and architecture, but less is known about how these gene functions are translated into changes at the cellular level in growth and cellular differentiation that are involved in the formation of diverse floral organs with specific shapes and sizes. Hormones are the principal transducers of genetic information, and due to recent advances in understanding hormone function in floral development, it is timely to review some of these findings. Flower development is the result of a regulated balance between meristem size and coordination and organ initiation. Floral meristem size is regulated by cytokinin, gibberellin, and auxin, and auxin plays a major role in organ initiation and organogenesis. How hormones contribute to the development of each organ is partly known, with stamen development reliant on almost all hormones, petal development is affected by gibberellins, auxin, and jasmonic acid, and gynoecium development is predominantly regulated by auxin. Furthermore, the interconnections between genetic hierarchies and hormones are being elucidated, and as almost all hormone groups are implicated in floral development, points of hormone crosstalk are being revealed.

Keywords

Flower development Auxin Floral meristem Gibberellins Inflorescence meristem Genetic hierarchy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author gratefully acknowledges financial support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft via SFB572.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Developmental Biology, Cologne Bioresearch CentreCologneGermany

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