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Journal of Plant Growth Regulation

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 179–199 | Cite as

Biosynthesis and Metabolism of Jasmonates

  • Florian Schaller
  • Andreas Schaller
  • Annick Stintzi
Article

Abstract

Jasmonates are derived from oxygenated fatty acids via the octadecanoid pathway and characterized by a pentacyclic ring structure. They have regulatory function as signaling molecules in plant development and adaptation to environmental stress. Until recently, it was the cyclopentanone jasmonic acid (JA) that attracted most attention as a plant growth regulator. It becomes increasingly clear, however, that biological activity is not limited to JA but extends to, and may even differ between its many metabolites and conjugates as well as its cyclopentenone precursors. The enzymes of jasmonate biosynthesis and metabolism may thus have a regulatory function in controlling the activity and relative levels of different signaling molecules. Such a function is supported by both the characterization of loss of function mutants in Arabidopsis, and the biochemical characterization of the enzymes themselves.

Keywords

Jasmonates Octadecanoid pathway Oxylipins Plant defense Plant development Plant hormones Signaling 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florian Schaller
    • 1
  • Andreas Schaller
    • 2
  • Annick Stintzi
    • 2
  1. 1.Ruhr-Universität BochumLehrstuhl fur PflanzenphysiologieBochumGermany
  2. 2.Universität HohenheimInstitut fur Physiologie und Biotechnologie der Pflanzen (260)StuttgartGermany

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