Advertisement

Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 1907–1916 | Cite as

On the influence of season and salinity on the phenology of invertebrates in Australian saline lakes, with special reference to those of the Paroo in the semiarid inland

  • Brian V. Timms
Article
  • 13 Downloads

Abstract

While the fauna of Australian salt lakes is now well-known, seasonal phenological patterns of invertebrates are not. Two studies on saline lakes in southern Australia suggest the lakes fill in early winter and remain at salinities characteristic for each lake during winter-spring before elevating and drying in summer. The fauna is dominated by crustaceans with few insects and all component species are present most of the time and randomly fluctuating in numbers. Lakes in the southern inland (mainly Lake Eyre) fill in summer, change little in salinity until near drying, and are dominated by crustaceans but have some insects. By contrast temporary salinas in the central inland fill episodically mainly in summer and then their salinity increases steadily as they dry without further rain. Their fauna is also dominated by crustaceans, but with a significant insect component and composition varies though the hydrological cycle. This study reports on an unusual winter fill in two central Paroo lakes and two pools, in which the crustacean fauna is similar to that in summer but insects are delayed till late spring and are not as common as in summer fills. It seems therefore that while insects are more restricted by medium and high salinities than crustaceans, they are also more restricted by cooler temperatures than crustaceans.

Keyword

crustaceans aquatic insects rotifers regional fauna biogeography habitat heterogeneity 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

I thank the various owners through the years of Bloodwood Station for ready access to its wetlands, and especially to the recent owners, the Hansons, for hospitality as well. David Leigo is thanked for sharing his rainfall records from Dungarvon Station. Finally, I am indebted to Ian Bayly for his helpful comments on the manuscript.

References

  1. Bayly I A E, Williams W D. 1966. Chemical and biological studies on some saline lakes of south–east Australia. Austr. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 17 (2): 177–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bayly I A E. 1970. Further studies on some saline lakes of south–east Australia. Austr. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 21 (2): 117–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bayly I A E. 1976. The plankton of Lake Eyre. Austr. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 27 (4): 661–665.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bridgman H A, Timms B V. 2012. Australia, climate and lakes. In: Bengtsson L, Herschy R W, Fairbridge R W eds. Encyclopedia of Lakes and Reservoirs. Springer, Dordrecht. p.72–80.Google Scholar
  5. Cáceres C E, Rogers D C. 2015. Class branchiopoda. In: Thorp J H, Rogers D C eds. Ecology and General Biology: Thorp and Covich’s Freshwater Invertebrates. 4 th edn. Elsevier, London. p.687–708.Google Scholar
  6. De Deckker P, Geddes M C. 1980. Seasonal fauna of ephemeral saline lakes near the Coorong Lagoon, South Australia. Austr. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 31 (5): 677–699.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Geddes M C, De Deckker P, Williams W D, Morton D W, Topping M. 1981. On the chemistry and biota of some saline lakes in Western Australia. Hydrobiologia, 82: 201–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Geddes M C. 1976. Seasonal fauna of some ephemeral saline waters in westren Victoria with particular reference to Parartemia zietziana Sayce (Crustacea: Anostraca). Austr. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 27 (1): 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Halse S A. 1981. Faunal assemblages of some saline lakes near Marchagee, Western Australia. Austr. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 32 (1): 133–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hammer U T. 1981. A comparative study of primary production and related factors in four saline lakes in Victoria, Australia. Int. Rev. Ges. Hydrobiol., 66 (5): 701–743.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hammer U T. 1986. Saline Lake Ecosystems of the World. Dr. W. Junk Publisher, Dordrecht. 616p.Google Scholar
  12. Hart B T, Bailey P, Edwards R, Hortle K, James K, McMahon A, Meredith C, Swadling K. 1991. A review of the salt sensitivity of the Australian freshwater biota. Hydrobiologia, 210 (1–2): 105–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Paterson C G, Walker K F. 1974. Seasonal dynamics and productivity of Tanytars u s barbitarsis Freeman (Diptera: Chironomidae) in the benthos of a shallow, saline lake. Austr. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 2 5 (1): 151–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pinder A M, Halse S A, Shiel R J, Cale D J, McRae J M. 2002. Halophile aquatic invertebrates in the wheatbelt region of south–western Australia. Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol., 28 (4): 1 687–1 694.Google Scholar
  15. Speight M R, Hunter M D, Watt A D. 2008. Ecology of Insects: Concepts and Applications. 2 nd edn. Wiley, Oxford. 628p.Google Scholar
  16. Timms B V. 1981. Animal communities in three Victorian lakes of differing salinity. Hydrobiologia, 81–82 (1): 181–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Timms B V. 1983. A study of benthic communities in some shallow saline lakes of western Victoria, Australia. Hydrobiologia, 105 (1): 165–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Timms B V. 1987. Limnology of Lake Buchanan, a tropical saline lake, and associated pools, of North Queensland. Austr. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 38 (6): 877–884.Google Scholar
  19. Timms B V. 1993. Saline lakes of the Paroo, inland New South Wales, Australia. Hydrobiologia, 267 (1–3): 269–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Timms B V. 1996. A comparison between saline and freshwater wetlands on Bloodwood Station, the Paroo, Australia, with special reference to their use by waterbirds. Int. J. Salt Lake Res., 5 (4): 287–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Timms B V. 1998a. A study of Lake Wyara, an episodically filled saline lake in southwest Queensland, Australia. Int. J. Salt Lake Res., 7 (2): 113–132.Google Scholar
  22. Timms B V. 1998b. Further studies on the saline lakes of the eastern Paroo, inland New South Wales, Australia. Hydrobiologia, 381 (1–3): 31–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Timms B V. 2001. Limnology of the intermittent pools of Bells Creek, Paroo, arid Australia, with special reference to biodiversity of invertebrates and succession. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 123: 193–213.Google Scholar
  24. Timms B V. 2006. The geomorphology and hydrology of Saline Lakes of the middle Paroo, arid–zone Australia. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 127: 157–174.Google Scholar
  25. Timms B V. 2007. The biology of the saline lakes of central and eastern inland of Australia: a review with special reference to their biogeographical affinities. Hydrobiologia, 576 (1): 27–37, https://doi.org/1007/s10750–006–0290–1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Timms B V. 2008. The Rockwell–Wombah Lakes, Paroo. Eastern Australia: a ten year window on five naturally salinised lakes. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 129: 1–16.Google Scholar
  27. Timms B V. 2009a. A study of the salt lakes and salt springs of Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. Hydrobiologia, 626 (1): 41–51, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750–009–9736–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Timms B V. 2009b. A study of the salt lakes inland of Esperance, Western Australia, with special reference to the role of ground water acidity and episodicity. In: Oren A, Natfz D, Palacois P, Wurstburgh W A eds. Saline Lakes Around the World; Unique Systems with Unique Values, Natural Resources and Environmental Issues. USA, S.J. and Jessie E Quincey Natural Resource Research Library, Logan, Utah, USA. p.215–224.Google Scholar
  29. Timms B V, Watts C H S. 1987. Water beetles of salt lakes near Colac, Victoria. Bull. Austr. Soc. Limnol., 1 1: 1–7.Google Scholar
  30. Walker K F. 1973. Studies on a saline lake ecosystem. Austr. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 24 (1): 21–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Williams W D. 1966. Conductivity and the concentration of total dissolved soilds in Australian lakes. Austr. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 17 (2): 169–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Williams W D. 1981. The limnology of saline lakes in western Victoria: a review of some recent studies. Hydrobiologia, 81–82 (1): 233–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Williams W D. 1984. Chemical and biological features of salt lakes on the Eyre Peninsula, South Australia, and an explanation of regional differences in the fauna of Australian salt lakes. Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol., 22: 1 208–1 215.Google Scholar
  34. Williams W D. 1995. Lake Corangamite, Australia, a permanent saline lake: conservation and management issues. Lakes Reserv. Res. Manag., 1 (1): 55–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Williams W D, De Deckker P, Shiel R J. 1998. The limnology of Lake Torrens, an episodic salt lake of central Australia, with particular reference to unique events in 1989. Hydrobiologia, 384 (1–3): 101–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Williams W D, Kokkinn M J. 1988. The biogeographical affinities of the fauna in episodically filled salt lakes: a study of Lake Eyre South, Australia. Hydrobiologia, 158 (1): 227–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Ecosystem Science, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental ScienceUniversity of New South WalesKensingtonAustralia

Personalised recommendations