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Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 2002–2009 | Cite as

How can saline and hypersaline lakes contribute to aquaculture development? A review

  • Elena V. AnufriievaEmail author
Article

Abstract

A considerable part of the world’s population is currently experiencing a severe scarcity of freshwater and nutrition. Inland aquaculture has the fastest growth in fresh waters, and this contributes to the eutrophication of freshwater bodies. The increase in freshwater aquaculture impacts on the increasing demand for fresh water. A way to overcome this is to develop aquaculture in saline lakes. This article discusses how saline and hypersaline lakes may contribute to overcome this problem and gives a list of fish and shrimp species that can be cultivated in saline lakes. Successful development of aquaculture depends on a healthy cultured stock of commercial fish and shrimps. A sustainable healthy stock of fish and shrimps can be only maintained using live food for the cultured fish larvae, fry and fingerlings. As well as Artemia spp. there are many other crustacean species with the potential for growing in hypersaline waters. At least 26 copepod species around the world can live at a salinity above 100 g/L with 12 species at a salinity higher than 200 g/L, and these all have excellent nutritional value. There is a high potential to use eukaryotic organisms of different taxa in saline / hypersaline aquaculture for food, agri-aquaculture, different industries and as food supplements.

Keyword

aquaculture saline lakes shrimps fish Copepoda 

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Notes

Acknowledgement

The author thanks three anonymous reviewers for valuable comments and Bindy Datson (Australia) for her help to improve English.

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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The A. O. Kovalevsky Institute of Marine Biological Research of RASSevastopolRussia

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