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Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 395–404 | Cite as

Relationship between oxygen concentration, respiration and filtration rate in blue mussel Mytilus edulis

  • Baojun Tang (唐保军)
  • Hans Ulrik Riisgård
Biology
  • 174 Downloads

Abstract

The large water-pumping and particle-capturing gills of the filter-feeding blue mussel Mytilus edulis are oversized for respiratory purposes. Consequently, the oxygen uptake rate of the mussel has been suggested to be rather insensitive to decreasing oxygen concentrations in the ambient water, since the diffusion rate of oxygen from water flowing through the mussel determines oxygen uptake. We tested this hypothesis by measuring the oxygen uptake in mussels exposed to various oxygen concentrations. These concentrations were established via N2-bubbling of the water in a respiration chamber with mussels fed algal cells to stimulate fully opening of the valves. It was found that mussels exposed to oxygen concentrations decreasing from 9 to 2 mg O2/L resulted in a slow but significant reduction in the respiration rate, while the filtration rate remained high and constant. Thus, a decrease of oxygen concentration by 78% only resulted in a 25% decrease in respiration rate. However, at oxygen concentrations below 2 mg O2/L M. edulis responded by gradually closing its valves, resulting in a rapid decrease of filtration rate, concurrent with a rapid reduction of respiration rate. These observations indicated that M. edulis is no longer able to maintain its normal aerobic metabolism at oxygen concentration below 2 mg O2/L, and there seems to be an energy-saving mechanism in bivalve molluscs to strongly reduce their activity when exposed to low oxygen conditions.

Keyword

Mytilus edulis filtration rate respiration rate oxygen concentration valve-opening degree 

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Notes

Acknowledgement

Thanks are due to Josephine Goldstein for help with the statistical tests, and to Katerina Charitonidou for technical assistance.

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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Baojun Tang (唐保军)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hans Ulrik Riisgård
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine Biological Research CentreUniversity of Southern DenmarkKertemindeDenmark
  2. 2.East China Sea Fisheries Research InstituteChinese Academy of Fishery SciencesShanghaiChina

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