Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 35, Issue 5, pp 1018–1031 | Cite as

Correspondence between the ENSO-like state and glacial-interglacial condition during the past 360 kyr

  • Shuai Zhang (张帅)
  • Tiegang Li (李铁刚)Email author
  • Fengming Chang (常凤鸣)
  • Zhoufei Yu (俞宙菲)
  • Zhifang Xiong (熊志方)
  • Haixia Wang (王海霞)


In the warming world, tropical Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) variation has received considerable attention because of its enormous influence on global climate change, particularly the El Niño-Southern Oscillation process. Here, we provide new high-resolution proxy records of the magnesium/calcium ratio and the oxygen isotope in foraminifera from a core on the Ontong-Java Plateau to reconstruct the SST and hydrological variation in the center of the Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP) over the last 360 000 years. In comparison with other Mg/Ca-derived SST and δ18O records, the results suggested that in a relatively stable condition, e.g., the last glacial maximum (LGM) and other glacial periods, the tropical Pacific would adopt a La Niña-like state, and the Walker and Hadley cycles would be synchronously enhanced. Conversely, El Niño-like conditions could have occurred in the tropical Pacific during fastchanging periods, e.g., the termination and rapidly cooling stages of interglacial periods. In the light of the sensitivity of the Eastern Pacific Cold Tongue (EPCT) and the inertia of the WPWP, we hypothesize an inter-restricted relationship between the WPWP and EPCT, which could control the zonal gradient variation of SST and affect climate change.


Western Pacific Warm Pool (WPWP) sea surface temperature (SST) El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) 


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The authors are grateful to the editor and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable advice.


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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuai Zhang (张帅)
    • 1
    • 3
  • Tiegang Li (李铁刚)
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Fengming Chang (常凤鸣)
    • 1
    • 4
  • Zhoufei Yu (俞宙菲)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhifang Xiong (熊志方)
    • 1
    • 4
  • Haixia Wang (王海霞)
    • 5
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Marine Geology and Environment, Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Marine Sedimentology and Environmental Geology, First Institute of OceanographyState Oceanic Administration (SOA)QingdaoChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.Laboratory for Marine GeologyQingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  5. 5.Ningbo City Land ResourcesBureau Yinzhou BranchNingboChina

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