Pectinatella magnifica (Leidy, 1851) (Bryozoa, Phylactolaemata), a biofouling bryozoan recently introduced to China
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Freshwater biofouling threatens a variety of human activities, from the supply of water and energy to recreation. Several species of freshwater bryozoans are notorious for clogging pipes and filters but have been relatively poorly studied to date. We report, for the first time, a biofouling species of freshwater bryozoan, Pectinatella magnifica (Leidy, 1851), from several freshwater rivers, lakes and ponds in China. A complete description, national distribution and the fouling problems are provided. Exactly how Pectinatella magnifica arrived in China remains unclear, but anthropochory and zoochory are considered to be important dispersal pathways.
KeywordsPectinatella magnifica Bryozoa Phylactolaemata new record species taxonomy China
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We acknowledge the efforts of reviewers for their helpful comments on this manuscript. The authors are much indebted to Prof. Timothy S. Wood (Bryo Technologies LLC, USA), whose comments greatly improved the manuscript.
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