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Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 360–366 | Cite as

A new species of Phyllochaetopterus Grube, 1863 (Polychaeta: Chaetopteridae) from Hainan Island, South China Sea

  • Yueyun Wang (王跃云)
  • Xinzheng Li (李新正)Email author
Biology

Abstract

Phyllochaetopterus species are widely distributed on the coast of China. Here, Phyllochaetopterus hainanensis n. sp., a new species collected from Hainan Island (China), is reported. It is characterized by having a V-shaped peristomium, two eyespots covered by a pair of large curved peristomial notopodia (cirri located beneath the palps), 13–14 chaetigers in the anterior body region, with three enlarged modified chaetae on the fourth notopodium, and more than five chaetigers in the middle body region. The modified chaeta has a slightly inflated head with an obliquely truncate end. The new species resembles Phyllochaetopterus socialis Claparède, 1869, but differs in the shape of peristomial notopodia and peristomium. Twelve species of Phyllochaetopterus have been described from the Pacific Ocean, including the new species described here. An identification key to the known Pacific species is provided together with a brief discussion of the taxonomic value of the eyespots for the genus.

Keywords

Chaetopteridae Phyllochaetopterus new species identification key Hainan Island South China Sea 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

We appreciate the assistance of Professor Dr. Eijiroh Nishi from Yokohama National University for providing relevant literature. We are grateful to three anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions, which allowed us to improve the manuscript. We also thank the managers of the Marine Biological Museum of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in the IOCAS for their help in sorting the studied material.

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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yueyun Wang (王跃云)
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xinzheng Li (李新正)
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of OceanologyChinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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