Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 258–264 | Cite as

Morphology and biology of Cyclops scutifer Sars, 1863 in high mountain lakes of East Siberia (including Lake Amut)

  • Natalya G. Sheveleva
  • Mydygma Ts. Itigilova
  • Ayushcuren Chananbaator


Data on zooplankton from 13 high-mountain lakes of East Siberia have shown that the Holarctic copepod Cyclops scutifer Sars, 1863 dominates among crustaceans. In July, its abundance comprised 64%–98% of the total plankton fauna in the pelagial of these lakes, approximately 30% in the littoral zone and 10% in small northern thermokarst lakes. Biometric measurements and morphological descriptions based on scanning microscope images are supplemented by the data on its geographic distribution and phenology.


high mountain lakes Cyclops scutifer morphology biology distribution 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



The authors are most grateful to three anonymous referees for valuable comments and linguistic corrections. Data processing and writing of this paper were partially supported by Projects Modern State, Biodiversity and Ecology of the Shore Zone of Baikal (VI.51.1.10) (2013–2016), and The Dynamics of Natural and Natural-Human Systems to Climate Change and Anthropogenic Pressures (for example, Trans-Baikal) (VIII.79.1.2) (2013–2016). A part of this study was done at the Joint Center for Ultramicroanalysis (LIN SB RAS). The English version of this paper was prepared by E.M. Timoshkina.


  1. Bazarkina L A. 1993. Diapause Cyclops (C. scutifer) Lake Azabachye. Zoological Journal, 72 (11): 22–28. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Bondarenko N A, Sheveleva N G, Domysheva V M. 2002. Structure of plankton communities in Ilchir, an Alpine lake in Eastern Siberia. Limnology, 3: 127–133. (in Russian)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Johnson W, O’Brien J, MacIntyre S. 2007. Vertical and temporal distribution of two copepod species, Cyclops scutifer and Diaptomus pribilofensis in 24h arctic daylight. Journal of Plankton Research, 29 (3): 275–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dussart B H. 1969. Les Copépodes des eaux continentals d’Europe occidentale 2. Cyclopoïdes et Biologie. Paris. 294p.Google Scholar
  5. Einsle U. 1996. Copepoda: Cyclopoida. Genera Cyclops, Megacyclops, Acanthocyclops. Guides to the Identification of the Microinverbrates of the Continental Waters of the World. In: Dumont H J F coordinating editor. SPB Academic Publishing bv. 82p.Google Scholar
  6. Elgmork K. 1967. On the distribution and ecology of Cyclops scutifer Sars in New England (Copepoda, Crustacea). Ecology, 48: 967–971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Elgmork K. 1985. Prolonged life cycles in the planktonic copepod Cyclops scutifer Sars. Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol., 22: 3154–3158.Google Scholar
  8. Elgmork K. 2004. Life cycles of freshwater, planktonic copepod Cyclops scutifer Sars on a north-south gradient in North America. Hydrobiologia, 529: 37–48.Google Scholar
  9. Elgmork K, Eie J A. 1989. Two-and three-year life cycles in the planktonic copepod Cyclops scutifer in two high mountain lakes. Holarct. Ecol., 12: 60–69.Google Scholar
  10. Halvorsen G, Elgmork K. 1976. Vertical distribution and seasonal cycle of Cyclops scutifer Sars (Crustacea, Copepoda) in two oligotrophic lakes in southern Norway. Journal of Zoology, 24: 143–160.Google Scholar
  11. Itigilova M Ts, Klishko O K. 1995. Food resources of fish and fish stocks: state and conservation problems. In: Environment and sustainable development of Chita Region. Siberian Publishing Company RAS, Novosibirsk. p.88–96. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. Itigilova M Ts, Sheveleva N G. 2009. Species composition and quantitative distribution of zooplankton in Lake Nitchatka (North Zabaikalye). Proceedings of Irkutsk State University. Ser. Biology, Ecology, 2 (2): 8–10. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. Ivanova M B. 1975. Planktonic crustaceans. In: Winberg G G ed. Biological productivity of northern lakes. Part 1. Lakes Krivoe and Krugloe. Nauka, Leningrad. p.76–90. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. Key to Identification of freshwater invertebrates of Russia and adjacent territories. 1995. In: Leeks V R ed. Vol. 2. Crustaceans. St.-Petersburg. 627p. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  15. Key to Identification of zooplankton and zoobenthos of freshwaters of European Russia. 2010. In: Alekseev V R ed. Vol. 1. Zooplankton. Moscow-St.-Petersburg. 494p. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  16. Korobtsova E V. 1975. Zooplankton. In: Winberg G G ed. Biologicalproductivityofnorthernlakes. Part 2. Lakes Zenenetskoe and Akulkino. Nauka, Leningrad. p.77–97. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  17. Kozminski Z. 1936. Morfometrische und ökologicche Untersuchungen an Cyclopiden der strenuus-Gruppe. Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. Hydrogr., 33: 161–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Monchenko VI. 1974. Tschelepnoroti tsiklopopodibii tsiklopi (Cyclopidae). Fauna of Ukraine, 27(3), Kiev, 406p. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  19. Rivier I K. 2012. Cold-Water Zooplankton in the Basin of Upper Volga. Permikov publisher, Izhevsk. 380p. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  20. Rivier I K. 1982. Several aspects in stagnation period on Lake Svirskoe. Ecology of Aquatic Organisms in Upper-Volga Reservoirs, Inform. Bull. 45. Leningrad. p.57–68. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  21. Sheveleva N G, Shishkin B A. 1986. Zooplankton. In: Hydrochemical and Hydrobiological Investigations of Khantaysk Reservoir. Nauka, Novosibirsk. p.81–100. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  22. Sheveleva N G, Arov I V, Shaburova N I, Evstigneeva T D, Itigilova M Ts. 2009. Biodiversity of Rotifera, Cladocera, Calanoida, Cyclopoida, Harpacticoida in alpine lakes of South East Siberia. In: Biota of Water Bodies of the Baikal Rift Zone. Irkutsk. p.83–94. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  23. Streletskaya E A. 1990. Cyclops (Cyclopoidae, Cyclops) of the scutifer group and new species from the North-East of the USSR. Zoological Journal, 69(6): 31–44. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  24. Rylov V M. 1948. Fauna of the USSR. Crustaceans. In: Pavlovski E N ed. Cyclopoida in Fresh Waters. Moscow, Leningrad. 318p. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  25. Vasilyeva G L. 1967. Planktonic crustaceans in the south of East Siberia. Proceedings of the Biology and Geography Institute at Irkutsk State University, 20: 130–142. (in Russian)Google Scholar
  26. Wetsler N M. 2009. Structural features and dynamics of zooplankton community in the pelagial zone of Lake Dalnee (Kamchatka). PhD, Kamchat-NIRO, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. 168p. (in Russian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalya G. Sheveleva
    • 1
  • Mydygma Ts. Itigilova
    • 2
  • Ayushcuren Chananbaator
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of LimnologySiberian Branch of Russian Academy ScienceIrkutskRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Natural Resources, Ecology and CryologySiberian Branch of Russian Academy ScienceChitaRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Biology Mongolian Academy of ScienceUlan-BatorMongolia

Personalised recommendations