Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 34, Issue 4, pp 871–884 | Cite as

Impact of two typhoons on the marine environment in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea

  • Dongyang Fu (付东洋)Email author
  • Hong Luan (栾虹)
  • Delu Pan (潘德炉)
  • Ying Zhang (张莹)
  • Li’an Wang (王立安)
  • Dazhao Liu (刘大召)
  • Youzhuan Ding (丁又专)
  • Xue Li (李薛)


This study investigated the effects of two typhoons (Nari and Wipha) on sea surface temperature (SST) and chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) concentration. Typhoons Nari and Wipha passed through the Yellow Sea on September 13, 2007 and the East China Sea (ECS) on September 16, 2007, respectively. The SST and Chl-a data were obtained from the Aqua/Terra MODIS and NOAA18, respectively, and the temperature and salinity in the southeast of the study area were observed in situ from Argo. The average SST within the study area dropped from 26.33°C on September 10 to a minimum of 22.79°C on September 16. Without the usual phenomenon of ‘right bias’, the most striking response of SST was in the middle of the typhoons’ tracks, near to coastal waters. Strong cooling of the upper layers of the water column was probably due to increased vertical mixing, discharge from the Changjiang River estuary, and heavy rainfall. During the typhoons, average Chl-a increased by 11.54% within the study area and by 21.69% in the offshore area near to the southeast ECS. From September 1 to 13, average Chl-a was only 0.10 mg/m3 in the offshore waters but it reached a peak of >0.17 mg/m3 on September 18. This large increase in Chl-a concentration in offshore waters might have been triggered by strong vertical mixing, upwelling induced by strong typhoons, and sedimentation and nutrient influx following heavy rainfall.


typhoon Yellow Sea East China Sea chlorophyll-a concentration sea surface temperature 


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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dongyang Fu (付东洋)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hong Luan (栾虹)
    • 1
  • Delu Pan (潘德炉)
    • 2
  • Ying Zhang (张莹)
    • 1
  • Li’an Wang (王立安)
    • 1
  • Dazhao Liu (刘大召)
    • 1
  • Youzhuan Ding (丁又专)
    • 1
  • Xue Li (李薛)
    • 1
  1. 1.Lab of Remote Sensing & Information TechnologyGuangdong Ocean UniversityZhanjiangChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics (Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration)HangzhouChina

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