Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 528–534 | Cite as

Breeding and mass scale rearing of clownfish Amphiprion percula: feeding and rearing in brackishwater

  • Kottila Veettil Dhaneesh
  • Thipramalai Thankappan Ajith Kumar
  • Ghosh Swagat
  • Thangavel Balasubramanian


Breeding and mass scale larval rearing of clownfish Amphiprion percula is very limited in brackishwater. We designed an indoor program of A. percula culture in brackishwater with a salinity of 24±1, during which the impacts of feed type, water temperature, and light intensity, on the efficiency of its reproduction, were revealed. The fish were accommodated along with sea anemones in fibre glass tanks to determine the influence of brooder diet on breeding efficiency. Higher reproductive efficiency [number of eggs laid (276 ± 22.3 eggs)] was observed when fish were fed live Acetes sp. rather than clam (204 ± 16.4 eggs), trash fish (155 ± 12 eggs) and formulated feed (110 ± 10 eggs). The spawning rate was increased during September and October (water temperature, 28.74 ± 0.55°C) on average of 2.4 spawning per month; and low spawning rate was in January (water temperature, 24.55 ± 0.45°C) on average of 1 spawning per month. Among three light intensities (100, 500, and 900 lx) set to evaluate larval survival rate, larvae showed the highest survival rate (65.5%) at 900 lx. The breeding method specifically in brackishwater developed in the present study is a new approach, will help the people from the regions of estuary and backwater to enhance their livelihood and it will lead to reduce the exploitation from the wild habitat.


Amphiprion percula brackishwater feed larval rearing light intensity 


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Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kottila Veettil Dhaneesh
    • 1
  • Thipramalai Thankappan Ajith Kumar
    • 1
  • Ghosh Swagat
    • 1
  • Thangavel Balasubramanian
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine SciencesAnnamalai UniversityParangipettaiIndia

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