Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 856–867 | Cite as

Depth distribution and ecological preferences of periphytic algae in Kenyir Lake, the largest tropical reservoir of Malaysia

  • A. J. M. Abdur Rouf
  • Siew-Moi Phang
  • M. Azmi Ambak
Article

Abstract

We studied the depth distribution of periphyton, growing on inundated dead trees in Kenyir Lake, Malaysia in June 1995. The algal floral composition and structure manifested changes down the depth gradient in terms of species richness, abundance, diversity and cell density. In regression analysis, all these algal attributes were negatively correlated with the depth gradients at P<0.05. In terms of species richness, the bacillariophytes showed dominance over the cyanophytes and chlorophytes; whereas with respect to standing crop, the cyanophytes showed dominance over the bacillariophytes and chlorophytes. The chlorophyll a was higher at the mid and bottom-depths than the surface-depth in both the downstream and upstream sites, which showed that vertical productivity or biomass accumulation was greater in low light irradiance. The product-moment correlation analysis showed that conductivity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, reactive phosphate and ammonium-nitrogen were highly correlated with the algal assemblage data. However, photosynthetic active radiation (PAR) showed poor correlation with the community data. These observations have cast some light on the autoecological characteristics, habitat preferences and environmental responses of tropical periphytic communities.

Keyword

depth periphytic algae tropical large reservoir Kenyir Lake community structure biomass 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. APHA. 1989. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water. 17th Edition. American Public Health Associaion, Washington D.C. USA.Google Scholar
  2. Bourrelly P. 1990. Les Algues d’eau Douce, Initiation a la systematique. Tome 1. Les algues vertes. Revised ed. Socie’te’ Nouvelle des e’ditions Boube’e, Paris.Google Scholar
  3. Bourrelly P. 1981. Les Algues d’eau Douce, Initiation a la systematique. Tome I1. Les algues jaunes et brunes. Revised ed. Socie’te’ Nouvelle des e’ditions Boube’e, Paris.Google Scholar
  4. Bourrelly P. 1985. Les Algues d’eau douce. Initiation a la systematique. Tome III. Les algues bleues et rouges, les Eugle’niens, peridiniens et Cryptomonadines. Ed. N. Socie’te’ Nouvelle des e’ditions Boube’e, Paris.Google Scholar
  5. Cantonati M, Scola S, Angeli N, Guella G, Frassanito R. 2009. Environmental controls of epilithic diatom depth-distribution in an oligotrophic lake characterized by marked water-level fluctuations. Eur. J. Phycol., 44(1): 15–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Das D N, Mitra K, Mukhopadhyay P K, Chaudhuri D K. 1994. Periphyton of the deepwater rice filed at Pearpur Village, Hooghly, west Bengal, India. Environment and Ecology, Kalyani, 12(3): 551–556.Google Scholar
  7. Desikachary T V. 1959. Cyanophyta. Indian Council Agri.Res. New Delhi. 686p.Google Scholar
  8. Furtado J, Soepadmo I E, Sasekumar A, Lim R P, Ong S, Davidson S L, Liew K S. 1977. Ecological Effects of the Terengganu Hydro-Electric Project (Kenyir Project). Wallaceana, Suppl. 1, p. 51.Google Scholar
  9. Geitler L. 1985. Dr. Rabenhorst’s Kryptogamen-Flora. Reprint 1985. Koeltz Scientific Books. D-6240 Koenigstein/W. Germany. 1 196p.Google Scholar
  10. Goltermann H L, Clymo R S, Ohnstand M A M. 1978. Method for Physical and Chemical Analysis of Freshwaters. IBP Handbook No. 8. 2nd ed., Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar
  11. Hach Co. 1993. Water Analysis by Spectrophotometer. Hach Co. Loveland, Colorado.Google Scholar
  12. Hawes I, Smith R. 1994. Seasonal dynamics of epilithic periphyton in oligotrophic Lake Taupo, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 28(1): 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ho S C. 1979. Structure, species diversity and primary productivity of epiphytic algal communities in the Schohsee (Holosteen), West Germany. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Max-Plank Institut fur Limnologie, Universitat Kiel.Google Scholar
  14. Hoagland K D, Peterson C G. 1990. Effects and wave disturbance on vertical zonation of attached microalgae in a large reservoir. J. Phycol., 26: 450–457.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Loeb S L, Reuter J. 1981. The epilithic periphyton community: a few lake comparative study of community productivity, nitrogen metabolism and depth distribution of standing crop. Verh. Int. Verein Limnol., 21: 346–352.Google Scholar
  16. Ludwig J A, Reynolds J F. 1988. Statistical Ecology -a Primer on Methods and Computing. John Wiley, NY.Google Scholar
  17. Mackereth F J H, Heron J, Talling J F. 1978. Water Analysis: Some Revised Methods for Limnologists. FBA scientific Publication No. 36. Freshwater Biological Association, Cumbira, U.K.Google Scholar
  18. Mitbavkar S, Anil A C. 2004. Vertical migratory rhythms of benthic diatoms in tropical intertidal sand flat: influence of irradiance and tide. Marine Biology, 145: 9–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mizuno T. 1978. Illustrations of the freshwater plankton of Japan. 2nd ed. Hoikusha Publishing Co. Ltd.Google Scholar
  20. Nakano Shin-ichi, Takeshita A, Ohtsuka T. 2006. Vertical profiles of current velocity and dissolved oxygen saturation in biofilms on artificial and natural substrates. Limnology, 7: 213–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nozaki K, Morino H, Munehara H, Sideleva V G, Nakai K, Yamaguchi M, Kozhova O M, Nakanishi M. 2002. Composition, biomass and photosynthetic activity of the benthic algal communities in a littoral zone of lake Baikal in summer. Limnology, 3: 175–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pascher A. 1913b. Die Susswasser-flora Deutschlands, Osterreichs und der Schweiz. Heft 10. Bacillariales (Diatmeen). Jena Verlag von Gustav-Fisher. 187p.Google Scholar
  23. Patrick R, Reimer C W. 1966. The diatoms of the United States exclusively of Alaska & Hawaii. Vol. 1 Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  24. Patrick R, Reimer C W. 1966. The diatoms of the United States exclusively of Alaska and Hawaii. Vol. 1 Monogr. Acad Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. No. 13.Google Scholar
  25. Poulíčková A, Kitner M, Hašler P. 2006. Vertical distribution of attached algae in shallow fishponds of different trophic status. Versita, 61(1), 1–9.Google Scholar
  26. Rouf A J M Abdur. 1997. Ecology and temporal changes in algal composition and spatial distribution of periphyton community of a drowned tropical forest reservoir in Malaysia. Ph.D dissertation. Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia. (unpublished).Google Scholar
  27. Rouf A J M, Ambak A M A, Lokman Shamsudin, Phang Siew-Moi, Ho S C. 2008. Periphytic algae of Kenyir Lake, Malaysia Temporal changes in the periphytic algal communities in a drowned tropical forest reservoir in Malaysia: Kenyir Lake. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management, 13: 271–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Round F E, Crawford R M, Mann D G. 1990. The Diatoms-Biology and Morphology of the Genera. Cambridge Univ. Press.Google Scholar
  29. Stevenson R J, Stoermer E F. 1981. Quantitative differences between benthic algal communities along depth gradient in Lake Michigan. J. Phycol., 17: 29–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Thornton K W, Kimmel B L, Payne F F. 1990. Reservoir Limnology: Ecological Perspectives. John Wiley & Sons Inc.Google Scholar
  31. Tilzer M M. 1990. Specific Properties of Large Lakes. In: Tilzer M M, Serruya C ed. Large Lakes-Ecological Structure and Function. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  32. Wetzel R G. 1983. Limnology. 2nd edition. Saunders College Publishing, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  33. Whiteford L A, Schumacher G J. 1973. A manual of Freshwater Algae. Sparks Press.Google Scholar
  34. Wulff A, Vibaste S, Truu J. 2005. Depth distribution of photosynthetic pigment and diatoms of a microtidal fjord. Hydrobiologia, 534: 117–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yamagishi T, Kanetsuna Y. 1991. Phytoplankton from Malaysia. Gen. Edu. Rev., Colle. Agr. & Vet. Med., Nihon Iniv., 27: 137–151.Google Scholar
  36. Yusoff F M, Lock M A. 1994. Thermal stratification and its role in controlling eutrophication in a tropical reservoir, Malaysia. Proceedings of the Internat. Tropical Limnology Conf., Indonesia.Google Scholar
  37. Zar J H. 1984. Biostatistical Analysis, 2nd edition. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs NJ.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Society for Oceanology and Limnology, Science Press and Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. M. Abdur Rouf
    • 1
  • Siew-Moi Phang
    • 2
  • M. Azmi Ambak
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of OceanographyUniversiti Malaysia TerengganuKuala TerengganuMalaysia
  2. 2.Institute Ocean and Earth SciencesUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Fisheries and AquacultureUniversiti Malaysia TerengganuKuala TerengganuMalaysia

Personalised recommendations