Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas
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We present results of measurements of fluorescence spectra due to the interaction of a Ti:sapphire laser pulse with N2 molecules at different gas pressures and pulse energies. The analysis of the data together with the results of numerical simulations, using a propagation model, reveal signatures of the phenomena of intensity clamping and of re-focusing of the laser pulse at high gas pressure. The laser pulse energy for intensity clamping as a function of the gas pressure is determined.
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