Applied Physics B

, Volume 68, Issue 3, pp 289–293 | Cite as

Surface nonlinear optics: a historical overview

  • N. Bloembergen
Invited paper

The availability of widely tunable dye lasers and optical parametric oscillators permit the detection of surface specific electronic and vibrational states. Polarization dependent studies yield information about the orientation of molecular monolayers and surface specific bonds. The use of picosecond and femtosecond pulse–probe techniques permits time-resolved studies of surface phase transformations, desorption, and melting. A few examples from the rapidly growing literature are selected to illustrate this historical evolution.

PACS: 42.65.-k 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Bloembergen
    • 1
  1. 1.Pierce Hall, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA (Fax: +1-617/495-9837)US

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