Applied Physics B

, Volume 68, Issue 2, pp 271–280 | Cite as

Energy balance of optical breakdown in water at nanosecond to femtosecond time scales

  • A. Vogel
  • J. Noack
  • K. Nahen
  • D. Theisen
  • S. Busch
  • U. Parlitz
  • D.X. Hammer
  • G.D. Noojin
  • B.A. Rockwell
  • R. Birngruber
Regular paper
PACS: 62.50.+p; 79.20.Ds; 87.00 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Vogel
    • 1
  • J. Noack
    • 1
  • K. Nahen
    • 1
  • D. Theisen
    • 1
  • S. Busch
    • 1
  • U. Parlitz
    • 2
  • D.X. Hammer
    • 3
  • G.D. Noojin
    • 3
  • B.A. Rockwell
    • 3
  • R. Birngruber
    • 1
  1. 1.Medizinisches Laserzentrum Lübeck, Peter-Monnik Weg 4, D-23562 Lübeck, Germany (Fax: +49-451/505-486, E-mail: vogel@mll.mu-luebeck.de)Germany
  2. 2.Drittes Physikalisches Institut, University of Göttingen, Bürgerstr. 42-44, D-37073, Germany (Fax: +49-551/397-720, E-mail: ulli@physik3.gwdg.de)Germany
  3. 3.Airforce Research Laboratory, Brooks AFB, TX 78235, USA (Fax: +1-210/536-3903, E-mail: ben.rockwell@hedo.brooks.af.mil)USA

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