Light scattering from rough surfaces with superimposed periodic structures
), where K is the wave vector of the periodic structure and λ0 is the correlation length for random roughness. The surface height h of the periodic structure plays a less important role in the suppression of the diffuse scattering, but it gives an oscillating term in grating scattering intensity that can produce the “rainbowing” (or coloration) effect for such a surface. In practice, this may result in increased visual brightness of textured metallic surfaces and also in a new and interesting method of surface coloration control. The rapid development of focused beam texturing technologies leaves no doubt that patterns with a given spatial frequency and amplitude can be easily produced in experiments.
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