Quantum nondemolition measurement by optomechanical coupling
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We show that a single-port optical cavity with a movable mirror can provide a quantum non-demolition measurement of the intensity of a light beam. Due to radiation pressure, the cavity length is sensitive to the light intensity and can be measured with a secondary light beam. Signal-meter correlations can be made very large even at non-zero temperature. We study these correlations when the moving mirror is a plane–convex crystal resonator and we show the importance of spatial matching between light and acoustic modes.
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