Applied Physics B

, 125:48 | Cite as

Structural, morphological, and Z-scan technique for a temperature-controllable chemical reaction synthesis of zinc sulfide nanoparticles

  • R. K. Fakher Alfahed
  • Ahmed S. Al-Asadi
  • Hussain Ali BadranEmail author
  • Khalid I. Ajeel


Zinc sulfide (ZnS) nanoparticles were fabricated using a new route chemical reaction technique. During growth, the temperature of the annealing was controlled between 200 °C and 500 °C. The structural, morphological and optical properties of as-synthesized nanoparticles were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction and ultraviolet–visible (UV–Vis) absorption. The X-ray diffraction pattern exhibits a wurtzite crystal structure at room temperature. The thermal nonlinear refractive indexes of the ZnSNP films are calculated based on diffraction ring patterns and the Z-scan technique. The optical limiting properties were also studied. The efficiency of the optical limiting was found to depend on the temperature of the sample. The mechanism of optical limiting is found to be predominantly of a thermal origin. The evaluation of the figure of merit (W > 1) shows that the ZnSNP films are sufficient for application in all-optical switching technology. These results show that the ZnSNPs have potential application in nonlinear optics.



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Fakher Alfahed
    • 1
  • Ahmed S. Al-Asadi
    • 2
  • Hussain Ali Badran
    • 2
    Email author
  • Khalid I. Ajeel
    • 2
  1. 1.Al-Nahrain Nano-renewable Energy Research CenterAl-Nahrain UniversityBaghdadIraq
  2. 2.Physics DepartmentBasrah University, Education College for Pure SciencesBasraIraq

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