Advertisement

Applied Physics B

, 125:54 | Cite as

Ultrahigh-contrast cross-polarized entangled photon pairs from a strongly birefringent photonic-crystal fiber

  • N. L. Petrov
  • A. A. Voronin
  • A. B. Fedotov
  • A. M. ZheltikovEmail author
Article
  • 56 Downloads

Abstract

Four-wave mixing with cross-polarized pump and cross-polarized sidebands is identified as a powerful resource of quantum entanglement, enabling creation of efficient fiber-optic sources of entangled photon pairs. Generation of cross-polarized photon pairs is demonstrated by coupling the laser pump into orthogonal polarization modes of a highly birefringent, highly nonlinear, anomalously dispersive photonic-crystal fiber. With the pump wavelength set to lie deeply within the anomalous dispersion region of the fiber, the frequency offset of the photon pairs relative to the pump exceeds 45 THz, enhancing the contrast of photon pairs against the Raman noise to yield photon pairs with a coincidence-to-accidental ratio as high as 250: 1.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research has been supported by the Government of Russian Federation (project no. 14.Z50.31.0040, Feb. 17, 2017).

References

  1. 1.
    J.E. Sharping, J. Chen, X. Li, P. Kumar, R.S. Windeler, Opt. Express 12, 3086 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W.J. Wadsworth, P.StJ. Russell, Opt. Express 13, 534 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, W.J. Wadsworth, P.StJ. Russell, J.G. Rarity, Opt. Express 13, 7572 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, J.L. O’Brien, W.J. Wadsworth, J.G. Rarity, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 120501 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    O. Cohen, J.S. Lundeen, B.J. Smith, G. Puentes, P.J. Mosley, I.A. Walmsley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123603 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Medic, J.B. Altepeter, M.A. Hall, M. Patel, P. Kumar, Opt. Lett. 35, 802 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Garay-Palmett, H.J. McGuinness, O. Cohen, J.S. Lundeen, R. Rangel-Rojo, A.B. U’Ren, M.G. Raymer, C.J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, I.A. Walmsley, Opt. Express 15, 14870 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. Russell, Science 299, 358 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    N.L. Petrov, A.A. Voronin, A.B. Fedotov, A.M. Zheltikov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 181108 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    X. Li, P.L. Voss, J.E. Sharping, P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053601 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C.J. McKinstrie, S.J. van Enk, M.G. Raymer, S. Radic, Opt. Express 16, 2720 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    C.J. McKinstrie, J.D. Harvey, S. Radic, M.G. Raymer, Opt. Express 13, 9131 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Halder, J. Fulconis, B. Cemlyn, A. Clark, C. Xiong, W.J. Wadsworth, J.G. Rarity, Opt. Express 17, 4670 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Fan, A. Migdall, Opt. Express 13, 5777 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    B.J. Smith, P. Mahou, O. Cohen, J.S. Lundeen, I.A. Walmsley, Opt. Express 17, 23589 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    J. Fan, A. Migdall, L.J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 30, 3368 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Q. Lin, F. Yaman, G.P. Agrawal, Phys. Rev. A 75, 023803 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    G.P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (New York, Academic, 2007)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    A.M. Zheltikov, Opt. Commun. 252, 78 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A.M. Zheltikov, Sci. Rep. 7, 46115 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S.V. A.Migdall, J. Polyakov, Fan, J.C. Bienfang, Single-Photon Generation and Detection: Physics and Applications (Amsterdam, Academic, 2013)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    O.J. Morris, R.J.A. Francis-Jones, K.G. Wilcox, A.C. Tropper, P.J. Mosley, Opt. Commun. 327, 39 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    J.A. Slater, J.-S. Corbeil, S. Virally, F. Bussières, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, S. Lacroix, N. Godbout, W. Tittel, Opt. Lett. 35, 499 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. Ling, J. Chen, J. Fan, A. Migdall, Opt. Express 17, 21302 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physics DepartmentInternational Laser Center, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Physics and AstronomyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  3. 3.Russian Quantum CenterSkolkovoRussia
  4. 4.Kazan Quantum Center, A.N. Tupolev Kazan National Research Technical UniversityKazanRussia
  5. 5.Moscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyDolgoprudnyRussia

Personalised recommendations