Characterization of ultrafast plasmon dynamics in individual gold bowtie by time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy
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We report on the investigation of ultrafast dynamics of the plasmonic field in individual gold bowtie nanostructure by combining interferometric time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy with a damped harmonic oscillator model. We experimentally obtain different plasmon dephasing times in the tips of the bowtie nanostructure. In the meantime, we demonstrate that the experimental time-resolved photoemission signal can be used to directly compare resonance frequency and dephasing time of different hot spots. In addition, we find that the plasmon field, which is extracted from the photoemission signal, initially oscillates at the laser field frequency, and finally develops into its eigenfrequency after experiencing a few periods of frequency fluctuation due to the competition between forced and autonomous oscillation of the plasmons.
This project was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 91850109, 61775021, 11474040; Science and Technology Department of Jilin Province (20170519018JH, 20180520198JH); Education Department of Jilin Province (JJKH20181104KJ, JJKH20190555KJ, JJKH20190549KJ); “111” project of China (D17017).
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