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Applied Physics B

, 124:236 | Cite as

Dynamical behavior of self-accelerating beams in LiNbO3 crystal with background illumination

  • Meizhi Zhang
  • Tongyi Zhang
  • Guangwen Huo
  • Xinwei Zha
  • Zhanqiang Hui
  • Hua Zhou
Article

Abstract

We theoretically study the propagations and interactions of an Airy beam, soliton, and nonlinear self-accelerating beam in LiNbO3 crystal modulated by a shorter wavelength background beam. Simulations indicate that the self-accelerating beam and Airy beam can effectively propagate even in self-defocusing media, and the finite-energy Airy beam can generate bright solitons in a self-focusing medium. When two counter-shift Airy beams interact under appropriate conditions, fusion solitons, breathing solitons, and soliton pairs are generated. If we allow a photovoltaic soliton to collide with an Airy beam, X-type waves and soliton deflection occur at a specific phase shift and beam interval. Moreover, we find that the dynamics of two truncated nonlinear self-accelerating beams tend to exhibit straight propagation with attraction and repulsion in the in- and out-of-phase cases, respectively. These results are significant for applications related to optical routing and optical switches.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 61875228, 61475191, 61875165), the Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China (No. 2017ZDJC-27), the Scientific Research Program funded by the Shaanxi Provincial Education Department (No. 18JK0723), and the New Star Team of Xi’an University of Posts & Telecommunications (2016).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electronics EngineeringXi’an University of Posts and TelecommunicationsXi’anChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Transient Optics and Photonics, Xi’an Institute of Optics and Precision MechanicsChinese Academy of SciencesXi’anChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Mathematics and PhysicsWeinan Normal UniversityWeinanChina
  5. 5.Department of Applied Mathematics and PhysicsXi’an University of Posts and TelecommunicationsXi’anChina

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