Applied Physics B

, 124:222 | Cite as

Radar cross section reduction metasurface based on random phase gradients

  • Guoxiang DongEmail author
  • Shitao Zhu
  • Yuchen He
  • Song Xia
  • Anxue Zhang
  • Xiaoyong Wei
  • Zhuo Xu


In this paper, we design a novelty metasurface for achieving radar cross section (RCS) reduction. The proposed metasurface can achieve phase difference by rotating its unit cells to different rotating angles as traditional Pancharatnam–Berry (P–B) phase. However, compared with traditional P–B phase metasurface, the unit cells of this proposed metasurface do not possess certain period, it indicates that random phase gradients can easily produce on this proposed metasurface. The direction and the scalar of these produced random phase gradients are all random, and the incident waves can be diffused by these random phase gradients, realizing wideband, wide angle, polarization-independent RCS reduction. The design of units without fixed period increases the freedom of controlling electromagnetic wave. Both the simulation and experiment show that the proposed metasurface is valuable for stealth technology.



The authors are grateful to the supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants 61471292, 61331005, 61471388.


  1. 1.
    M. Paquay, J.C. Iriarte, I. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, P.D. Maagt, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 55, 3630 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Chen, C.A. Balanis, C.R. Birtcher, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63, 2636 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.C.I. Galarregui, A.T. Pereda, J.L.M.D. Falcón, I. Ederra, R. Gonzalo, P.D. Maagt, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61, 6136 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. Yu, P. Genevet, M.A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, L. Zhou, Nat. Mater. 11, 426 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Dong, H. Shi, W. Li, Y. He, A. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Wei, S. Xia, J. Appl. Phys. 120, 824 (2016)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Li, J. Zhang, S. Qu, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Xu, A. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 073901 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T.J. Cui, M.Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, Q. Cheng, Light Sci. Appl. 3, e218 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.L. Si, Y.C. Xiang, M.X. Li, J.Z. Long, H.H. Yang, F.H. Jiang, Z. Zhao, Z. Di, L. Xiao, Z. Chen, Sci. Rep. 5, 37409 (2016)ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    L.H. Gao, Q. Cheng, J. Yang, S.J. Ma, J. Zhao, S. Liu, H.B. Chen, Q. He, W.X. Jiang, H.F. Ma, Light Sci. Appl. 4, e324 (2015)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    X. Yan, L. Liang, J. Yang, W. Liu, X. Ding, D. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. Cui, J. Yao, Opt. Express 23, 29128 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Wang, J. Zhao, Q. Cheng, D.S. Dong, T.J. Cui, Sci. Rep. 4, 5935 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Zhao, B. Sima, N. Jia, C. Wang, B. Zhu, T. Jiang, Y. Feng, Opt. Express 24, 27849 (2016)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Sun, K.Y. Yang, C.M. Wang, T.K. Juan, W.T. Chen, C.Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.T. Kung, G.Y. Guo, Nano Lett. 12, 6223 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    F. Aieta, P. Genevet, N. Yu, M.A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, F. Capasso, Nano Lett. 12, 1702 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, S. Zhang, Light Sci. Appl. 2, e70 (2013)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    L. Huang, X. Chen, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, S. Zhang, Nano Lett. 12, 5750 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Huang, R.J. Pogorzelski, IEEE Trans. on Antennas Propag 46, 650 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Shaltout, J. Liu, V.M. Shalaev, A.V. Kildishev, Nano Lett. 14, 4426 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Q. Zheng, Y. Li, J. Zhang, H. Ma, J. Wang, Y. Pang, Y. Han, S. Sui, Y. Shen, H. Chen, Sci. Rep. 7, 43543 (2017)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Aerospace Science and TechnologyXidian UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Electronic Materials Research Laboratory, Key Laboratory of the Ministry of EducationXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations