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Applied Physics B

, 123:14 | Cite as

Time-resolved laser-induced incandescence characterization of metal nanoparticles

  • T. A. Sipkens
  • N. R. Singh
  • K. J. Daun
Article

Abstract

This paper presents a comparative analysis of time-resolved laser-induced incandescence measurements of iron, silver, and molybdenum aerosols. Both the variation of peak temperature with fluence and the temperature decay curves strongly depend on the melting point and latent heat of vaporization of the nanoparticles. Recovered nanoparticle sizes are consistent with ex situ analysis, while thermal accommodation coefficients follow expected trends with gas molecular mass and structure. Nevertheless, there remain several unanswered questions and unexplained behaviors: the radiative properties of laser-energized iron nanoparticles do not match those of bulk molten iron; the absorption cross sections of molten iron and silver at the excitation laser wavelength exceed theoretical predictions; and there is an unexplained feature in the temperature decay of laser-energized molybdenum nanoparticles immediately following the laser pulse.

Keywords

Silver Nanoparticles Iron Nanoparticles Heat Transfer Model Molten Iron Temperature Decay 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC DG 35627). The authors would also like to acknowledge Prof. Zhongchao Tan for his assistance with the pneumatic atomizer. The authors would also like to acknowledge support from the Canadian Centre for Electron Microscopy (CCEM) as well as Navid Bizmark, Robert Liang, and Andrew Kacheff for their assistance with ex situ characterization.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Mechatronics EngineeringUniversity of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

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