Applied Physics B

, 122:105 | Cite as

Passive Q-switching of Yb bulk lasers by a graphene saturable absorber

  • P. A. Loiko
  • J. M. Serres
  • X. Mateos
  • J. Liu
  • H. Zhang
  • A. S. Yasukevich
  • K. V. Yumashev
  • V. Petrov
  • U. Griebner
  • M. Aguiló
  • F. Díaz


Compact Yb:KLu(WO4)2 and Yb:LuVO4 lasers diode-pumped at 978 nm are passively Q-switched by a single-layer graphene saturable absorber. The Yb:KLu(WO4)2 laser generated 165 ns/0.49 μJ pulses at 1030 nm with 170 mW average output power and 12 % slope efficiency. With the Yb:LuVO4 laser, 152 ns/0.83 μJ pulses were achieved. The output power reached 300 mW at 1024 nm, and the slope efficiency was 10 %. Laser operation in a plano-plano cavity is achieved with both crystals with thermal lensing playing a key role in their performance. A model describing graphene Q-switched Yb lasers is developed. Our results indicate the potential of graphene for passive Q-switching of ~1 μm bulk lasers.


Saturable Absorber Thermal Lens Pulse Repetition Frequency Slope Efficiency Absorb Pump Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the Spanish Government under projects MAT2013-47395-C4-4-R and TEC2014-55948-R, and by the Generalitat de Catalunya under Project 2014SGR1358. F.D. acknowledges additional support through the ICREA Academia Award 2010ICREA-02 for excellence in research. This work is part of a project that has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Grant Agreement No. 657630.


  1. 1.
    V. Petrov, M.C. Pujol, X. Mateos, O. Silvestre, S. Rivier, M. Aguiló, R.M. Solé, J. Liu, U. Griebner, F. Díaz, Laser Photonics Rev. 1, 179 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    V.E. Kisel, A.E. Troshin, N.A. Tolstik, V.G. Shcherbitsky, N.V. Kuleshov, V.N. Matrosov, T.A. Matrosova, M.I. Kupchenko, Opt. Lett. 29, 2491 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Petit, B. Viana, P. Goldner, D. Vivien, P. Louiseau, B. Ferrand, Opt. Lett. 29, 833 (2004)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y. Sato, T. Taira, Opt. Express 14, 10528 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P.A. Loiko, K.V. Yumashev, V.N. Matrosov, N.V. Kuleshov, Appl. Opt. 52, 698 (2013). [Erratum: Appl. Opt. 54, 4820 (2015)] ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.C. Pujol, M.A. Bursukova, F. Guell, X. Mateos, R. Solé, Jna. Gavaldà, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, P. Klopp, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, Phys. Rev. B 65, 165121 (2002)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, Opt. Mater. Express 5, 661 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Rivier, X. Mateos, Ò. Silvestre, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M.C. Pujol, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, S. Vernay, D. Rytz, Opt. Lett. 33, 735 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Liu, V. Petrov, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Opt. Lett. 32, 2016 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, Opt. Lett. 31, 3294 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Appl. Phys. B 88, 527 (2007)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Rivier, X. Mateos, J. Liu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, Opt. Lett. 14, 11668 (2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    U. Griebner, S. Rivier, V. Petrov, M. Zorn, G. Erbert, M. Weyers, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, J. Massons, F. Díaz, Opt. Express 13, 3465 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    R.R. Nair, P. Blake, A.N. Grigorenko, K.S. Novoselov, T.J. Booth, T. Stauber, N.M.R. Peres, A.K. Geim, Science 320, 1308 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Q.L. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z.X. Shen, K.P. Loh, D.Y. Tang, Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 3077 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    F. Zhang, S. Han, Y. Liu, Z. Wang, X. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 091102 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    G. Xing, H. Guo, X. Zhang, T.C. Sum, C.H.A. Huan, Opt. Express 18, 4184 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. Choudhary, S. Dhingra, B. D’Urso, P. Kannan, D.P. Shepherd, IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 27, 646 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J.W. Kim, S.Y. Choi, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, S. Bae, K.J. Ahn, D.-I. Yeom, F. Rotermund, AIP Adv. 5, 017110 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. Choudhary, S. Dhingra, B. D’Urso, T.L. Parsonage, K.A. Sloyan, R.W. Eason, D.P. Shepherd, Opt. Lett. 39, 4325 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    J. Liu, S. Wu, Q.-H. Yang, P. Wang, Opt. Lett. 36, 4008 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    L. Zhang, J.T. Fan, J.H. Wang, J.M. Hu, M. Lotya, G.Z. Wang, R.H. Li, L. Zhang, W.J. Blau, J.N. Coleman, J. Wang, Y. Feng, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 888 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    L. Zhang, Z. Zhuo, R. Wei, Y. Wang, X. Chen, X. Xu. Chin. Opt. Lett. 12, 021405 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    A.C. Ferrari, J.C. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K.S. Novoselov, S. Roth, A.K. Geim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 187401 (2006)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J.M. Serres, P. Loiko, X. Mateos, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, Opt. Express 23, 14108 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    D. Yoon, Y.W. Son, H. Cheong, Nano Lett. 11, 3227 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    P. Loiko, F. Druon, P. Georges, B. Viana, K. Yumashev, Opt. Mater. Express 4, 2241 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    P.A. Loiko, J.M. Serres, X. Mateos, K.V. Yumashev, N.V. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, Laser Phys. Lett. 11, 125802 (2014)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    J.M. Serres, V. Jambunathan, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, K. Yumashev, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, IEEE Photonics J. 7, 1503307 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. Choudhary, S.J. Beecher, S. Dhingra, B. D’Urso, T.L. Parsonage, J.A. Grant-Jacob, P. Hua, J.I. Mackenzie, R.W. Eason, D.P. Shepherd, Opt. Lett. 40, 1912 (2015)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. Loiko
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. M. Serres
    • 1
  • X. Mateos
    • 1
    • 3
  • J. Liu
    • 4
  • H. Zhang
    • 5
  • A. S. Yasukevich
    • 2
  • K. V. Yumashev
    • 2
  • V. Petrov
    • 3
  • U. Griebner
    • 3
  • M. Aguiló
    • 1
  • F. Díaz
    • 1
  1. 1.Física i Cristal·lografia de Materials i Nanomaterials (FiCMA-FiCNA)Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV)TarragonaSpain
  2. 2.Center for Optical Materials and TechnologiesBelarusian National Technical UniversityMinskBelarus
  3. 3.Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse SpectroscopyBerlinGermany
  4. 4.College of PhysicsQingdao UniversityQingdaoChina
  5. 5.State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials and Institute of Crystal MaterialsShandong UniversityJinanChina

Personalised recommendations