Surface morphology of Ti–6Al–4V plate fabricated by vacuum selective laser melting
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A plate made of Ti–6Al–4V (Ti64) was built by vacuum selective laser melting (SLM) at a pressure of 10−2 Pa. The vacuum SLM system employed a single-mode fiber laser and three-axis galvanic mirror in order to form 3D metallic structure. In order to investigate the surface morphology on the fabricated plates, Vickers microhardness and surface roughness R a were measured. From the results, the Vickers microhardness of the fabricated plates was recorded at 391 HV, higher than the typical 340 HV for a Ti64 plate. It was also determined that crystal orientation was evaluated with X-ray diffraction. From the results, the crystal orientation of powder is composed mainly of martensitic alpha. Diffraction peaks corresponding to β (110) were detected in vacuum SLM processed samples.
KeywordsPower Density Crystal Orientation Additive Manufacturing Molten Pool Selective Laser Melting
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