Sensitivity analysis for soot particle size imaging with laser-induced incandescence at high pressure
Soot particle sizes can be determined from time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (LII) in point measurements where full signal traces are detected. For instantaneous imaging, strategies are required that must cope with time-gated information and that rely on assumptions on the local boundary conditions. A model-based analysis is performed to identify the dependence of LII particle-size imaging on the assumed boundary conditions such as bath gas temperature, pressure, particle heat-up temperature, accommodation coefficients, and soot aggregate size. Various laser-fluence regimes and gas pressures are considered. For 60 bar, fluences that lead to particle heat-up temperatures of 3,400–3,900 K provided the lowest sensitivity on particle sizing. Effects of laser attenuation are evaluated. A combination of one detection gate starting at the signal peak and the other starting with 5 ns delay was found to provide the highest sensitivity at 60 bar. The optimum gate delays for different pressures are shown. The effects of timing jitter, polydispersity, and signal noise are investigated. Systematic errors in pyrometry imaging at 60 bar is evaluated.
KeywordsSoot Particle Signal Ratio Soot Volume Fraction Gate Width Thermal Accommodation Coefficient
The authors thank for Hubert Baya Toda at IFPEN for his help in analytical calculations of gating strategies. Thomas Dreier and Christof Schulz acknowledge support from the German Science Foundation, DFG, through SCHU1369/3.
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